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Kamakhya Temple

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This is the only Hindu temple which worships the natural phenomenon of female menstruation. The Kamakhya Temple is also known as Kamrup-Kamakhya and has deity of the mother goddess Kamakhya. It is one of the most powerful Shakti Pithas and is situated on the Nilachal Hills in western part of Guwahati city in Assam, India.

Goddess Kamakhya is famous as the bleeding goddess. It is believed that when Lord Shiva danced in rage with the body of Sati in his hands, the natural forces chopped Goddess Sati’s body into 51 pieces which fell in different parts of the earth. Kamakhya temple is said to be build on the place where the mythical womb and vagina of Shakti had fallen.

Mythology:

Lord Kamadeva – the God of sexual pleasures had lost his virility or you can say manlihood due to a curse. Muthology says that he came to the spot to worship Goddess Sati’s mystical womb and genitals, and hence was freed from the curse. It is also believed that Kamakhya temple is a place where Shiva and devi Sati had their romantic encounters.

As the Sanskrit word for lovemaking is 'kama', the place was named Kamakhya.People say that the one who comes and worships here with all his devotion can be cured of any sexual disorders and will also be bestowed with the ultimate pleasures

How to Reach: 

Kamakhya Temple is situated on the Nilachal Hills. You can hire auto rickshaw or taxi from any part of Guwahati. Regular buses of Assam Tourism Department also ply to and fro the temple from various parts of the city. ASTC also run bus services to the temple from the Kachari bus stoppage. The buses operate from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM at a gap of every one hour.

History

The temple belongs to the 8th century and has been renovated many times. Currently the temple has a typical Nilachal type structure with a hemispherical dome on a cruciform base. The temple consists of four chambers: garbhagriha and three mandapas locally called calanta, pancharatna and natamandira aligned from east to west.

The temple complex has ten devi’s who are worshipped in the given order: Kali, Tara, Sodashi, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamala. It is an important pilgrimage destination for general Hindu and especially for Tantric worshipers. A scholarly study of the Kamakhya Temple was authored by Kali Prasad Goswami.

There lies a cave which slopes downward from both sides meeting in a yoni-like depression about 10 inches deep. This hollow is constantly filled with water from an underground perennial spring. It is the vulva-shaped depression that is worshiped as the goddess Kamakhya herself and considered as most important pitha of the Devi.

Festivals Observed

Kamakhya temple is a very sacred place and the puja performed here is extremely unique. But, apart from that there are certain festivals which are the specialty of this temple. • Durga Puja: Here Durga puja or Navratri is celebrated with a lot of pomp and show. This period is said to mark the heaviest inflow of visitors. The temple is decorated beautifully and a lot of rituals are performed during this time. • Ambubachi Puja: Being the centre for Tantra worship this temple attracts thousands of tantra devotees in an annual festival known as the AmbubachiMela. This is also an annually celebrated fertility festival of MaaKamakhya Devi. It is assumed that the Goddess experience menstrual during the period and the temple remains closed for 3 days and then opened with great festivity on fourth day called AmbubachiMela. During these 3 days the river Brahmaputra is said to turn red. It is also believed that this is the time when mother earth produces the best fertile crops. • PohanBiya: This festival is celebrated as symbolic marriage between Lord Kamesvara and Kamesvari Devi during the Hindi month of Pausha during December-January. • Vasanti Puja: Vasanti puja is carried out at Kamakhya Devi temple in the Hindi month of Chaitra or during March-April. • Manasha Puja: This Puja is performed from Sankranti and continues up to the second day of Bhadrapad.

Puja Timings

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  0361 2734624

  Kamakhya, Guwahati, Assam 781010