Dhanteras is the 1st day of five days long Diwali. It is derived from two Hindi words ‘dhan’ & ‘teras’. Dhan means wealth & Teras means Thirteenth. Dhanteras is being observed on the thirteenth day of the Kartik month. Dhanteras is also referred as ‘Dhanvantari Trayodashi’ or ‘Dhantrayodashi’. Throughout India, Dhanteras is celebrated with great enthusiasm. On this day, Lord Kuber is also worshiped along with Goddess Lakshmi.
Dhanteras Puja Date and Muhurat
In 2019, Dhanteras is being celebrated on Friday, 25 October. It falls on the auspicious thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik.
- Dhanteras Puja Muhurat: 07:08 PM to 08:13 PM
Duration – 01 Hour 05 Mins
- Yama Deepam on Saturday, 26 October 2019
- It is also believed that the Lakshmi pujan if done in sthirlagna (which means fixed lagna) of PradoshKaal, Goddess Laxmi will stay in your home forever. Pradosh Kaal – 05:38 PM to 08:13 PM
- Lakshmi Puja on Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi should be done during Pradosh Kaal which starts after sunset and approximately lasts for 2 hours and 24 minutes.
- Trayodashi Tithi Begins – 07:08 PM on 25 October, 2019; and Trayodashi Tithi Ends – 03:46 PM on 26 October, 2019
Legends Behind Dhanteras
Once a sixteen-year-old son of King Hima was doomed to die by a snake-bite on the fourth day of his marriage as per the astrological predictions. On that particular fourth day of his marriage, his young wife did not allow him to sleep. She laid all the ornaments and lots of gold and silver coins in a big heap at the entrance of her husband’s room and lighted innumerable lamps all over the place. Throughout the night she told stories and sang songs to her husband.
When Yama, the god of Death arrived there in the guise of a Snake his eyes got blinded by that dazzle of those brilliant lights and he could not enter the Kings chamber. So he climbed on top of the heap of the ornaments and coins and sat there whole night listening to the melodious songs. In the morning he quietly went away. Thus, the young wife saved her husband from the clutches of death. Since then the following day of Dhanteras i.e. 14th day of the Kartik month, came to be known as the day of ‘Yama deepdaan’ and an earthen lamp is kept burning throughout the night of Chaturdashi glorifying Yama, the God of Death. The Yama Deep is also lit up on the day of Dhanteras as well.
Another legend states that on this day after the Samudra Manthan was done by the gods and demons, Goddess Dhanvantari came out of the sea holding the pot of Amrit. This is the reason Dhanteras is also called Dhanvantari Jayanti. It is believed that God gives his blessings of good health & wealth on this day, 13 times of the capacity of the pot/utensil purchased.
Dhanteras Puja Vidhi and Rituals
Diwali a festival of lights, which starts with the auspicious day of Dhanteras. This is celebrated throughout the country with full faith and enthusiasm. People start decorating their houses, offices from this day with Rangoli, Lights etc. to welcome the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity. To indicate her long-awaited arrival, small footprints are drawn with rice flour and vermilion powder all over the houses.
On this day, a Chaumukhi Diya( a square Diya with four mouths) is being lit up at the main entrance door of the house. Before lighting up the Diya in the evening, the puja of the diya is being done with Kumkum, Gud (jaggery), Coriander Seeds, Rice, Moong Daal (split green gram), one kodi (shell) with one hole, fulle ( a form of puffed rice), Patasha& Coin are put inside the Diya .
The kodi(shell) is kept in the cash box or in the house at the next day morning. It is said that by lighting this Diya which is Yama Deep, sudden death can be avoided. On this day, the SubhLabh is written outside the door of the house on both sides. Few people write Ram Ram as well.
On this day, there is a tradition of purchasing silver or gold coins, utensils, even Lakshmi Ganesha silver idols. People also buy jewellery, steel utensils as well.
Dhanteras Kuber Puja
On this day Kuber – the god of wealth is worshiped.
- You can have a statue of Shri Kuber or establish a chest or box of jewelry/cash for worshipping.
- Offer flowers, Diya, and sweets to the almighty
- Worship him with the Mantra:
Om Shri KuberayaNamha।
AnenPujanen Shri Dhanadhyaksha-Shri Kuber Preeyatam।
Interesting Facts About Dhanteras
- Buy silver or gold things on Dhanteras: It is considered the perfect time to purchase gold or silver things like Laxmi Ganesha Idol, Kalash, Diya, Utensils, jewellery, coins on this day as a sign of good luck and “Dhan” is entering our house.
- Ideal time for New Ventures: Dhanteras festival is also an ideal time for setting up businesses, commencing new projects, celebrating housewarming, buying cars as well.
- Yama deepdan: On this day, a Chaumukhi Diya ( a square Diya with four mouths) is being lit up at the main entrance door of the house. It is said that by lighting this Diya which is Yama Deep, sudden death can be avoided.
- Puja of farm animals: In villages, cattle are adorned and worshiped by farmers as they form the main source of their income.
- Gold & Silver selling on surge: Dhanteras in the current scenario marks the highest selling of Gold and Silver ornaments in India.