Marriages are considered to be very crucial decisions in Hindu culture. In Hinduism, marriage is not just about a relationship of two people but is about a bond between two families. There are many scrutinizations made before coming to a conclusion, starting from caste, family background, profession, culture and much more. Among these the matching of Kundli is a must done my most of the Hindu families.
So what is this Kundli matching all about? Is it relevant? Does it really affect your marriage? Are its theories that convincing?
We have answers to all your questions!
What is a Kundli?
According to the Vedic Astrology system personal horoscopes are made. It depends on factors like, date of birth, time of birth and location of birth. Considering these factors a Kundli is made which features many significant specifications like horoscope symbol, naxatra, prevailing stars, Varna, Guna and much more. This science of intensive mathematical calculations of the planetary positions of an individual reveals the future of the person.
How is matchmaking done?
The Kundli of the Bride and the Groom are taken into observation for the matchmaking. This process of Gun Milan is broken down into eight individual tests and generates a certain number of points which are then added together to give an overall score.
Score compatibility goes like this:-
- If the number of Gunas is below 18 – couple are incompatible
- If the number of Gunas is between 18-24 – couples match is average but acceptable
- If the number is between 25-32 – couples match is very good
- If the number is above 32 – the bride and groom are of identical nature and is the best match
Let’s now talk about these 8 different tests.
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The horoscope matching tests
- Varna (1 point) – Indicates occupational nature and compatibility.
- Vaasya (2 points) – Indicates mutual affection and romantic love between the couple.
- Tara (3 points) – Indicates longevity of couple
- Yoni (4 points) – Indicates physical compatibility in terms of attractiveness and ability to satisfy each other
- Maitri (5 points) – Indicates ability of couple to develop friendship with each other based on mutual interests, likes and dislikes.
- Gan (6 points) – Indicates a person’s basic nature.
- Bhakoot (7 points) – Indicates emotional compatibility based on your ascendent or Lagna.
- Nadi (8 points) – Indicates physical compatibility and ability to have children.
Guna Test 1 – The Varna Test
- Brahmins or Priests – Karka (Cancer), Vrishchika (Scorpio) and Meena (Pisces)
- Kshatriyas or Warriors – Mesha (Aries), Simha (Leo) and Dhanu (Sagittarius)
- Vaishyas or Merchants – Vrishabha (Taurus), Kanya (Virgo) and Makara (Capricorn)
- Shudras or Laborers – Mithuna (Gemini), Tula (Libra) and Kumbha (Aquarius)
The Groom’s Varna must be higher than that of the Bride. This will bring One point; else it is a zero.
Guna Test 2 – The Vaasya Test
Understand which Vaasya you are, depending on your Zodiac sign.
- Manava (Human) – Mithuna (Gemini), Kanya (Virgo), Tula (Libra), the first 15 degrees of Dhanu (Sagittarius), Kumbha (Aquarius).
- Vanachara (Wild) – Simha (Leo).
- Chatushpada (Quadruped) – Mesha (Aries), Vrishabha (Taurus), the second 15 degrees of Dhanu (Sagittarius), the first 15 degrees of Makara (Capricorn).
- Jalachara (Water) – Karka (Cancer), Meena (Pisces), the second 15 degrees of Makara (Capricorn).
- Keeta (Insect) – Vrishchika (Scorpio).
There are 4 rules to the Vaasya test:
- Chatushpada, Manava, and Jalachara groups are Vaasya to the Vanachara group.
- Chatushpada, Jalachara, and Keeta groups are Vasya to the Manava group.
- Jalachara signs are the food of the Manava signs.
- Chatushpada signs are the food of the Vanachara sign.
So here’s how you will determine your score.
2 points – If both the bride and groom have the same group, for example, both are Chatushpada.
1 point – If one person’s group is Vasya to the other, for example, if the bride’s group is Chatushpada and the groom’s group is Manava.
1/2 point – If one person’s group is food to the other, for example, the bride is Jalachara and the groom is Manava.
0 point – If neither the bride or groom is Vasya to the other.
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Guna Test 3 – The Tara Test
Find out the Tara you have depending on the time of birth. There are a total of 27 Nakshatras which are divided into a group of 3 and form 9 categories.
These 9 groups are
- Janam or Janma Tara
- Sampat Tara
- Vipat Tara
- Kshem or Chhem Tara
- Pratyari Tara
- Sadhak Tara
- Vadh Tara
- Mitra Tara
- Ati-Mitra Tara
Points are allocated by counting from the bride’s birth star to that of the groom and then dividing this number by 9. The same is then done from the groom’s birth star to that of the bride.
3 points – If the remainders of both calculations are an even number
1.5 points – If only 1 of the remainders is a even number.
0 points – If both remainders were odd numbers.
Guna Test 4 – The Yoni Test
Based on your Nakshatras determine which animal you are. This one is interesting.
- Ashwa (Horse) – Ashwini, Shatabhishaj
- Gaja (Elephant) – Bharani, Revati
- Mesha (Ram) – Krittika, Pushya
- Sarpa (Serpent) – Rohini, Mrigashira
- Swah (Dog) – Ardra, Moola
- Marjarah (Cat) – Punarvasu, Ashlesha
- Mushika (Rat) – Magha, P. Phalguni
- Gau (Cow) – U. Phalguni, U. Bhadrapada
- Mahisha (Buffalo) – Hasta, Swati
- Vyagrah (Tiger) – Chitra, Vishakha
- Mriga (Deer) – Anuradha, Jyeshtha
- Vanara (Monkey) – P. Asadha, Shravana
- Nakula (Mongoose) – U. Asadha, Abhijit
- Singha (Lion) – Dhanishtha, P. Bhadrapada
The ancient astrologers brought into light the behavior of each animal towards the others. Below mentioned are the 5 behavioral categories.
4 points – Swabhava Yoni – Indicates that the animals are the same. Such marriage are considered the best.
3 points – Friendly Yoni – Indicates that the animals are friendly towards each other.
2 points – Neutral Yoni – Indicates that the animals are neutral towards each other.
1 point – Enemy Yoni – Indicates that the animals are enemies.
0 points – Sworn Enemy Yoni – Indicates that the animals are sworn enemies. The worst marriages.
Guna Test 5 – The Maitri Test
Depends on the planetary relationships of the Bride and the Groom. Below are the planets or the lords.
5 points – If two planets are the same or they are friends.
4 points – If one planet is friendly and the other is neutral.
3 points – If both planets are neutral.
1 point – If one planet is friendly but the other views them as an enemy.
1/2 point – If one planet is neutral but the other views them as an enemy.
No points – If both planets consider each other as enemies.
Guna Test 6 – The Gan Test
Understand which kind of temperament you have based on your Nakshatras.
- Devata (Charitable, spiritual, represent piety and not materialistic) – Ashwini, Mrigashira, Punarvasu, Pushyami, Hasta, Swati, Anuradh, Sravanam, Revati
- Manushya or Human (Evenly balanced between spiritual and materialistic) – Bharani, Rohini, Aardra, Purva Phalguni, Uttara Phalguni, Poorvaashadha, Uttaraashadha, Purva Bhadrapada, Uttara Bhadrapada
- Rakshasa or Demon(Dominant, self-will and more materialistic than spiritual) – Kritika, Aaslesha, Magha, Chitra, Vishaka, Jyeshtha, Moola, Dhanista, Shatabhisha.
The combinations for points allotment are mentioned below.
6 points – If Bride and Groom are of same Gan
5 points – If Bride is Manushya and Groom Devata
3 points – If Bride Devata and Groom Manushya
3 points – If Bride Manushya and Groom Rakshasa
1 point – If Bride is Devata and Groom Rakshasa
0 point – If Bride is Rakshasa and Groom Devata
0 point – If Bride Rakshasa and Groom Manushya
Guna Test 7 – The Bhakoot Test
According to the distance between the Bride and Groom’s Rashi, their level of Intimacy can be determined.
The possible combinations and the groupings are given below.
- Auspicious (Sad bhakoot): 1/1, 1/7, 3/11, 4/10
- Inauspicious (Dushta bhakoot) : 2/12, 5/9, 6/8
If the couple forms a Auspicious Bhakoot then its 7 points else they get no points which is known as Bhakoot dosha.
Guna Test 8 – The Nadi Test
Check the group you fall in, according to your Nakshatras.
- Adi or Vata – Ashwini, Aardra, Punarvasu, Uttara Phalguni, Hasta, Jyeshtha, Moola, Shatabhisha, Purva Bhadrapada
- Madhya or Pitta – Bharani, Mrigashira, Pushyami, Purva Phalguni, Chitra, Anuradha, Poorvaashadha, Dhanistha, Uttara Bhadrapada
- Antya or Kapha – Kritika, Rohini, Aaslesha, Magha, Swati, Vishakha, Uttaraashadha, Shravani, Revati
The Nadi of the couple should never be same. If it comes out to be same then the baby born to them will be unhealthy or abnormal. The point given in this case is zero.
If the Nadi of the couple is different then they get a 8 point.
This is a bit lengthy and complicated but then interesting! Do try once all by yourself. This is Fun!
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