History says that this is the day when Lord Brahma created the universe. Hence, this day is quite important for the people following Hinduism. It falls every year on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada based on the lunisolar calendar. Maharashtrians are the major followers and observers of Gudi Padwa. The same festival is celebrated in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh as Ugadi while Sindhis call it Cheti Chand. The real Sanskrit word for Gudi Padwa is “Chaithra Shukla pradipada”. According to traditions on this day new Samvatsara, which is a cycle of sixty years, starts. All sixty Samvatsara are identified by unique name. According to Hindi calendar, in 2020 Gudi Padwa will be celebrated on Wednesday, 25 March.
Gudi Padwa is celebrated only for a day on Chaitra Shuddha Padyami. Marathi Vikram Samvat 2075 Begins as it is the Maharashtrian calendar.
History Of Gudi Padwa
According to the Vedas, which are considered some of the most ancient texts in history, a year is divided into twelve months. ‘Chaitra’ is the first month in this sequence, according to the Hindu calendar which falls on the month March-April. This is why Gudi Padwa is celebrated as the new year day.
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Mythology Of Gudi Padwa
There are a number of mythological legends associated with Gudi Padwa. You can read them below.
In the name, Gudi suggests victory and prosperity. Hence, in Maharashtra people observe this day as a new year as for them, the evil was eradicated and destroyed on the same day. Lord Ramachandra – the noblest God of all is said to have killed Ravana after fourteen long years of exile.
Legend has it that Lord Vishnu took the Matsya incarnation or the form of fish on this day.
Another mythology associated is there for which a ritual observed on Gudi Padwa when a flag is held high. This marks the victory of Brahma as, as per Brahma Purana, the universe was created on this day. The flag is also known by the name Indra Dwaj which represents and respects Lord Indra.
Another legend says the day is auspicious because it is when the Sakas won in battle against the Huns. It is also regarded as the start of the Shalivahan calendar which began soon after the Huns were vanquished by him.
Gudi Padwa is also a celebration of the victory march of Shivaji Maharaja the veteran Maratha leader. The festival is celebrated in honor of this great king who had a kingdom that spread across the entire part of western India.
Gudi Padwa in many places is regarded as the first day of spring – a day to celebrate. Spring as all of us know, is the best time of the year and hence signifies rebirth and thus lead to a new year. On the first day of Chaitra, the Sun is perfectly positioned at the point of intersection between the meridians and the equator. This is known as the Vasant intersection, another indication of the commencement of spring.
Gudi Padwa is also considered as the harvest festival, which shows that the Rabi crop has ended for the season. This is the time when mangoes and fruits are reaped.
- On this day people first take an oil bath and eat neem leaves, then conduct all the necessary rituals.
- On this day people prefer putting up a special Maharashtrian nine-yard long saree called a Kashta or Nauvari. Men wear their traditional Kurta Pyjama with a saffron or red turban.
- People clean their houses thoroughly and make arrangements for the get together’s.
- Intricate rangoli designs are drawn in front of the house entrance. Flowers are also decorated everywhere.
- Delicacies like Shrikhand, Poori, Puran Poli and Kanagachi kheer are prepared on this day.
- The festival is celebrated by preparing a mixture of six important elements each symbolizing a unique emotion and is consumed by the people.
Neem Buds/flower -Sadness
Green chili- Anger
Unripened Mango- Surprise
- The ritual of Gudi is observed. Bright green or yellow cloth tied with a long bamboo over which gaathi (sugar crystals), neem leaves and a twig of mango leaves and a garland of red flowers is tied. A silver or copper pot is placed in the inverted position over it. This is stuck out of the window of almost every house. This is considered to be a sign of prosperity and good things to come.
- During the evening of Gudi Padwa, a Lezim (a traditional Maharashtrian folk dance) is performed.
Puja and Mantra
There are specific Pujas and Archana’s performed on this day, which is also seen by many as the day on which the good triumphs the evil. On this day many auspicious works like inaugurations, commencing of sales and business, purchasing new products and much more are done.
To your surprise, you will find that many spiritual followers practice Satvik Mantra Sandhnas and Tantra Shastras as well.
Those seeking for an auspicious start of New Year or materialistic benefits can worship Lord Ganesha. Students can seek the blessings of Goddess Saraswati and a businessperson can chant Laxmi Mantra sadhana.
Sarvasampad pradam thathaa !
Sarvarishta haram kurve
Nimba prathashanam shubham !!”
"शथयूर वज्रदेहथवम सर्वसम्पाद पदम थाहा! सर्वर्थी हराम कुर्वे निम्बा प्राणायाम शुभम !! "