Hartalika Teej this is the most important one out of the three. Hartalika is a combination of “harit” and “aalika” which means “abduction” and “female friend” respectively. As per the Hindu calendar, Hartalika Teej is celebrated on 3rd day of the Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month Bhadrapada.
Hartalika Teej 2020 Date, Puja Muhurat and Tithi
Hartalika Teej will be very widely and pompously celebrated on Friday, 21st August 2020.
Friday, 21st August
Pratahkal Hartalika Puja Muhurat = 05:54 AM to 08:30 AM
Duration = 2 Hours 36 Mins
Tritiya Tithi Begins – 02:13 AM on Aug 21, 2020
Tritiya Tithi Ends – 11:02 PM on Aug 21, 2020
Hartalika Teej is a festival celebrated by women to attain success and happiness in their marriage life. In this puja, they worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, followed by Teej vrat Katha. It doesn’t have a fixed date to be celebrated every year; it is determined by the cycle of Moon. This festival is usually celebrated during Shukla paksha Tritiya of Bhadrapada Month (August/September); India’s monsoon season. Most of the times, Hartalika Teej is performed one day before Ganesh Chaturthi. A number of states follow this ritual primarily in central and northern regions of the country. States such as Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana consider as an important event.
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Story behind performing Hartalika Teej Puja
Hartalika Teej is named after the legend associated with it. “Harat” means “abduction” and “Aalika” means “female friend”. According to the mythology, Goddess Parvati had a friend who took her to the thick forest, in order to protect her from her father who was getting her married to Lord Vishnu against her wish.
This made Parvati’s father think that she has been kidnapped and hence this day is known as Hartalika. After her superficial abduction, she did rigorous ‘Tapasya’ to attain Lord Shiva as her husband. Her dedication and determination made Lord Shiva fall in love with her and so he accepted the Goddess as his wife.
The word ‘Teej’ is a reference of tiny red insects that come out from the soil during monsoon. It is believed that when these insects had emerged out Parvati visited Shiva’s residence and hence they became connected as man and woman.
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Rituals and Puja Vidhi
Women accessorize themselves in the best attires. They perform certain entertainment activities like putting Henna on their hands, singing songs, dancing, swing on swings and much more.
Women take an early bath and then dress up with fine clothes. They prepare sand idols of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati to be worshipped. Then the entire legend of the Hartalika incident and mantras are narrated in front of the idols.
A book named Prachin Vratraj gives detailed Vidhi to perform Hartalika Puja and Teej vrat Katha. Mentioned below are the steps to be performed.
- Early morning bath with Sesame and Amalak powder
- Dressing up with fine clothes
- Resolution to perform Hartalika Vrat to please Uma-Maheshwar
- Worship Lord Ganesh before worshipping Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati
- Shodashopachara Pooja (16 upchars to be executed for worship) of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
- Anga Puja for Goddess Parvati on Hartalika teej.
Every woman who is willing to live a successful and struggle free married life can perform Hartalika Teej with proper Teej vrat Katha wholeheartedly. Believing in God in itself is the first step towards any solution.