Hinduism is one religion in which there is a ritual for almost every occasion in every step of life. Whether it is childbirth, buying a new house or getting married, there are rituals for every milestone, which have to be followed in a specific manner. One of the most basic ritual is the Havan or Homa which is followed in basically every Hindu household. A Homa or Havan is a sacred Hindu ritual in which offerings are made in fire.
Fire is the main element of a Havan or Homa. Since time immemorial, fire has been worshipped as God. The offerings made to the sacred fire, during a Havan, are said to purify the environment as well as the participants. This fire is supposedly the main link between cosmic consciousness and human consciousness. A Havan is, generally, performed with an aim to achieve spiritual as well as material success.
Havan is seen as one of the ten niyams or positive virtues that are prescribed for a devotee, who wishes to come closer to the Divine, one who wants to acquire Oneness with Him. Havan is also one way of performing the Deva yagya, i.e. one of man’s five daily duties, as per the tenets of the Sanatan Dharma.
What is havan?
Have is an ancient Hindu ritual in which offerings of googol, ghee, sugar and other samagri are offered into a sacred fire accompanied by Sanskrit mantras.
It is performed in a Havan kund or fire pit in which is made with bricks. This fireplace is generally decorated with colourful flowers, leaves, beans and grains.
Why should havan be performed?
Havan is said to have a purifying effect on both the devotee who performs it as well as the environment. With the offerings into the fire and chanting of mantras, one’s chakras are re-energised, creating a rejuvenating and revitalising effect for both the mind and body. One attains positive thoughts, actions and words which pave way for one’s success.
During a Havan, the combined effect of the offerings in fire, produce a response to the atmosphere, purifying it. It is said to dispel all negative energies and a protective shield is said to be build around the house where the ritual is performed, warding off any negative or evil energies. Havan also induces peace, good health, prosperity and clarity of thought, with increased power of discrimination and an improved usage of mental abilities. The result, therefore, is success in all one does.
When should havan be performed?
Ideally, Havan should be performed daily. In every household, havan should be carried out onceper week at least in the presence of all members of the family. Early hours of the morning are considered the most conducive for all religious activities as the air is charged with energy or praan at that time. However, this practice may also be done at a time that is best suited for everyone.
How should havan be performed?
While performing the havan, it is essential to have a spiritual evolution of every devotee. It is also important in fostering family togetherness. With the practice of recitation of mantras and other activities involved in the preparations for havan, one develops a greater appreciation for the traditional religious practices of Sanaatan Dharma. With this powerful ritual, one is protected from all negative elements. It is said that the flames of the sacred fire should burn brightly in every household every day of the week.