Every Hindu has a Shiva Linga at his home for sure. People strongly believe that worshiping a Shiva Linga which is a structure signifying the ultimate God Shiva, will give them prosperity and happiness.
Shiva-Linga is described in our Indian Mythology as the beginning-less and endless cosmic pillar of fire, the cause of all causes. The word Ling means involution, and Gam means evolution. So basically Lingam is the principle of involution and evolution combined together, and such a combination can only be traced to God, the starting cause of the whole universe. According to Linga Purana, the lingam is a complete symbolic representation of the formless Universe Bearer – the oval shaped stone resembles the mark of the Universe and bottom base as the Supreme Power holding the entire Universe in it.
Let’s now understand the entire story behind the evolution of Shiva – Linga.
There is no specific incident along with proof which can be considered as its origin. Different people believe different kinds of stories. The most widely accepted one is originated from the famous hymn in the Atharva-Veda Samhita sung in praise of the Yupa-Stambha.
The great Swami Vivekananda said that the worship of the Shiva-Linga originated from the famous hymn in the Atharva-Veda Samhita sung in praise of the Yupa-Stambha, the sacrificial pillar. In that hymn a description is found of the beginning less and endless Stambha. It says that the Skambha represents the never ending and vast Universe and hence the ultimate almighty i.e. Lord Shiva.
Later the attire of Lord Shiva that is the brightness of Shiva’s body, his tawny matted-hair, his blue throat, and the riding on the bull of the Shiva, and so on were taken from the Yajna fire, its smoke, ashes, and flames, the Soma plant, and the ox that used to carry on its back the wood for the Vedic sacrifice. This is how the Yupa Stambha gave rise to the concept of Shiva-Linga.
This concept of Shiva-Linga is also explained in an elaborate manner in the Linga Purana which is one of the great 18 Mahapuranas. This Mahapurana has described the glory of the Stambha and the superiority of Lord Shiva in the form of interesting stories.
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