The 7th day of Navratri which falls in the Maha Saptami Tithi observes the worship of Goddess Kaalratri as well as Goddess Saraswati. This day people also arrange the Utsava Puja.
On the seventh day of Navratri Goddess Kaalratri is worshipped. She is considered to be the most ferocious avatar of Goddess Durga and is known for destroying ignorance and removing darkness from the universe.
Origin Of Kaalratri Puja
During the devastation created by the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha Goddess Parvati took the avatar of Kaalratri Devi. It is said that these two demons invaded the Devlok that is the abode of the Demi Gods. After getting frustrated the Demi Gods prayed Goddess Parvati to help them defeat the asuras. It is then when Kaalratri avatar was created.
Appearance and Form
This avatar is depicted as a destructive form of the Goddess. She can be seen riding a dark black donkey. Her complexion is dark black and she has four hands. The positioning of her hands are in abhaya and varada mudra and she carries sword and an iron hook in her left hands.It is said that she licked the blood of demon Rakta Beeja, who had the potential to create more demons from his own blood. Because of the powers she possesses, she is also referred as Goddess Shubhankari.
This Goddess is worshiped on the 7th day of Navratri. The tithi prevailing is Saptami tithi.
This Goddess has different rites to be followed. Sometimes tantric method is followed where wine or blood is offered to the deity and some people follow certain daily rites performed while praying.
Ekaveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharasthita।
Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirini॥
Vardhana Murdhadhwaja Krishna Kalaratrirbhayankari॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Ma Kalaratri Rupena Samsthita।
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
Karalavandana Ghoram Muktakeshi Chaturbhujam।
Kalaratrim Karalimka Divyam Vidyutamala Vibhushitam॥
Divyam Lauhavajra Khadga Vamoghordhva Karambujam।
Abhayam Varadam Chaiva Dakshinodhvaghah Parnikam Mam॥
Mahamegha Prabham Shyamam Taksha Chaiva Gardabharudha।
Ghoradamsha Karalasyam Pinonnata Payodharam॥
Sukha Prasanna Vadana Smeranna Saroruham।
Evam Sachiyantayet Kalaratrim Sarvakam Samriddhidam॥
Him Kalaratri Shrim Karali Cha Klim Kalyani Kalawati।
Kalamata Kalidarpadhni Kamadisha Kupanvita॥
Kumatighni Kulinartinashini Kula Kamini॥
Klim Hrim Shrim Mantrvarnena Kalakantakaghatini।
Kripamayi Kripadhara Kripapara Kripagama॥
Goddess Sarswati is known as the Hindu Goddess of Learning. People in the south pray her during the last three days of Navratri. Worshipping her is considered auspicious for the Vidhyaarambh of their children. Saraswati Puja is observed during Saptami Tithi of Navratri. This puja is usually followed by people of South India. It is also observed in Gujarat during the same period but in a different manner.
Origin Of Sarswati Puja
Goddess Sarswati is said to be the mother of the Vedas and is said to have appeared when Brahma created the Universe.
Appearance and Form
She is described as a beautiful Goddess seated in a big Lotus flower and wearing a white sari. She is said to have a swan as her vahana or her carrier. She has four arms and holds a book, a mala, a water pot and a musical instrument.
- Establish an Image or idol of Goddess Saraswati
- Make her waer a white cloth.
- Offer Flowers – louts, lilies or jasmine, Mango leaves, Turmeric , Kumkum , Rice , and fruits.
- Give aarti and shradhanjali
- Place books and tools in front of the Goddess in the previous day evening.
- Remove them on the Vijayadashami day.
Yaa Kundendu tushaara haaradhavalaa, Yaa shubhravastraavritha|
Yaa veenavara dandamanditakara, Yaa shwetha padmaasana||
Yaa brahmaachyutha shankara prabhritibhir Devaisadaa Vanditha|
Saa Maam Paatu Saraswatee Bhagavatee Nihshesha jaadyaapahaa||
Shuklaam Brahmvichaar Saar Paramaadyaam Jagadvyaapineem Veennaa Pushtak
Dhaarinneebhamay Daam Jaad Yaapandhkaaraapahaam.
Haste Sfatik Maalikaam Vidhateem Paramaasane Sansthitaam Vande Taam
Parameshwareem Bhagwateem Buddhi Pradaam Shaaradaam.
Sidhir bhavathu mey sada !
Vidyam dehi namosthuthe
“Om Aim Kleeng Saum Saraswatiya Namaha”