Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra – The Vacation Of Gods! – Part 2
Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra – Puri Rath Yatra :- In the last blog-part 1, we have discussed about the three- famous chariots of gods- The chariot of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and their dear sister- Subhadra, during the Indian Festival- Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri ,observed in renowned- Jagannath temple. Now, have a look to some other in-house rituals. On this auspicious day of Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri, the carpenters start building the chariots of Lord Jagannath, Balabadra, and Subhadra.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – AKSHAY TRITIYA:
Akshay Tritiya festival marks the beginning of the famous Car Festival of Lord Jagannath- Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri. Akshay Tritiya Indian festival is observed on the third day of the bright half of the lunar month of ‘Baisakha’ of the traditional Hindu calendar. Rath Yatra Puri 2018 also commences the famous Chandana Yatra.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – Pahandi:
This ritual describes the travel of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra from the Jagannath temple till the chariot. The Gods and Goddesses are picked by many Pandits in the course of Rath Yatra Puri. He is brought slowly to the chariot in a swinging motion. It seems as if he is very happy to come out of the Jagannath temple and go to his aunt’s place. His happiness is reflected by the way he walks down till the chariot. In Indian Festival Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri- the journey of the deities to the world outside, starts with an elaborate royal ritual called Pahandi – literally, going forward in a step by step movement to the accompaniment of several devotees beating the ghanta, kahali and telingi baja.
As Lord Jagannatha and Lord Balabhadra are quite heavy, a wooden cross is fixed to their backs and thick silken ropes are tied around their heads and waists for their ceremonial procession – a ritual known as Senapata lagi at the time of Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri. The deities during the anasara period are actually placed in the audience hall – Jagamohana and not in the sanctum – or deal on the elevated platform, their normal seat. From there the deities are moved first onto the sata pahacha or seven steps, outside the northern door of the natamandapa or the dancing hall in the Jagannath temple. During the outward movement from the Jagannath temple to the chariots, the procession of the deities is in a row and is known as dhadi pahandi or a group movement. All the deities move simultaneously. At first Sudarshana, the celestial wheel of Krishna-Vishnu is brought out and placed in the chariot of Subhadra followed by Balabhadra, Subhadra and finally Jagannath in the time of Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri.
The two brothers, Balabhadra and Jagannatha are decorated with large, elaborate floral decorations called tahia in Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri. These are like huge crowds or tiara but are fixed at the back of their heads. These are made of a variety of white, orange and lotus flowers, leaves and pieces of cork fixed to a semi-circular heart-shaped bamboo frame. The two brothers decorated with the things are carried forward in a slow, swaying movement, giving the illusion of a huge elephant gracefully and gently stepping out. People go wild with ecstasy and pull out the flowers from their tiara as blessings outside the Jagannath temple.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – Rath Pratistha:
Before welcoming Lord Jagannath, all the deities in the chariot are worshiped. The horses, the devtas, the gods, and goddesses all form a part of this ritual. This procedure is termed as “Rath Pratistha”in Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri festival. Only after the completion of this ritual they are brought inside the Chariot.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – Chera panhara:
It is the most famous ritual associated with the Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri. During this Indian festival- Rath Yatra Puri, the Gajapati King sweeps all around the deities and chariots. He then cleanses the road with a broom (gold-handled) and sprinkles sandalwood water and powder in and out the Jagannath Temple. The custom showcases that in the eyes of Lord Jagannath every devotee is equal be it the king or a commoner. This ritual is held on two days, firstly on the Rath Yatra Puri 2018 Puri when the three deities goes to their aunt’s house and lastly on the day when they are ceremoniously brought back to the Puri Jagannath Temple.
People engross in different cultural activities and go wild in ecstasy. They perform cultural dances, sing music, and perform activities like dancing on a stick, playing with fire and much more in Rath Yatra Puri.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – The Gundicha Temple (Mausima Mandir):
The deities stay for a period of nine days and enjoy their vacations at their aunt’s house and have fun all the while during Rath Yatra Puri. On their way back to the Jagannath Temple, the deities are offered Poda Pitha when their chariots halt at the Mausi Maa Temple. This sweet is a kind of baked cake that is meant to be consumed by the poor sections only. During this time there’s a tale about the fight between Lord Jagannath and Goddess Laxmi where Laxmi gets angry because they do not take her along for the vacation and leave her alone in the Jagannath Temple.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – Return of the Almighty:
The brothers and sisters return back to the Jagannath Temple after a stay of 9 days at their aunt’s place. This is known as ‘Bahuda yatra’ in Rath Yatra Puri. This marks the end of the vacation of the Gods.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – Suna Besa:
After they return, the chariots are kept in front of the Puri – Jagannath temple while preparations are made for a royal look of the Gods. “Suna Besa” is the form Lord Jagannath takes up along with his brother and sister. In this ritual, they are mounted with huge amounts of Gold jewellery and clothes made of Gold. It is believed that whoever sees the Lord in Suna Besa gets free of all his bad Karmas throughout the Rath Yatra Puri. Read More…
Jagannath Rath Yatra – Niladri Bije:
Then comes’ the very significant Niladri Bije. This is really interesting as it is all about the continuation of the fight between Lord Jagannath and Goddess Laxmi. Read More…
Here ends the enormous car festival of the Gods. The Rath Yatra 2018 at Puri is a significant event in the entire state that is witnessed by numerous tourists both foreigners and Indians. During the famous Jagannath Rath Yatra Puri is colored in the most vivid hues of sheer joy & enjoyment and is flocked with devotees who wish to pay their honour to the deities and seek their blessings.
Jagannath Rath Yatra – How to Reach Puri Temple:
By Air: The nearest airport to Jagannath Temple Puri is Biju Patnaik Airport, Bhubaneswar, which is around 60 km from Puri. The city is easily accessible from the airport to Rath yatra puri. You can easily rent a cab. This airport is well-connected with important cities of the India such as Delhi, Nagpur, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and Chennai.
By Rail: Jagannath Temple Puri is the last stop on the East Coast Railway. Rath yatra puri is connected through direct express and other super-fast trains with important Indian cities such as Okha, Delhi, Tirupati, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and so on.
By Road: Jagannath Temple Puri is easily connected with road through a good network of roads. To Jagannath Temple from the bus stand near the Gundicha Temple, buses from Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are available after every 10-15 minutes. Mini buses for Konark are also available to Jagannath Temple, after every 20-30 minutes. Direct buses for Kolkata and Visakhapatnam are also available till Jagannath Temple. Renting a cab is another option.
Take a glance of this beautiful 10 days festival- Jagannath Rath Yatra 2018 and its unique rituals conducted before or after the main festival. Feel free to contact Rgyan for the perfect personalized set of itineraries at the prefect car Indian festival- Rath Yatra Puri location with zero cost. Try something idiosyncratic this summer and explore the vicinity-Jagannath Temple with organised route expedition with free itineraries.
Related Topics on Lord Jagannath & Rath Yatra
Hera panchami – The Grand Fight Between Lord Jagannath And Laxmi
Suna Besa Of Lord Jagannath (The Gold Avatar Of God)