Parshuram Avatar – 6th Avatar of Lord Vishnu

In the Treta Yug, Lord Vishnu was born as Parshuram Avatar to sage Jamadagni and Renuka. He was the youngest among the four sons and was the most powerful of them all. Parshu means axe, therefore his name means Rama with an axe. He had received the axe as a gift from Lord Shiva as a result of his meditation. He was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva.

Parshuram Avatar
Affilation6th Avatar of Vishnu
YugaTreta Yuga
JayantiVaishakha, Shukla Paksha Dwitiya
WeaponsAxe named Vidyudabhi
FestivalParshuram Jayanti
Others NameBhàrgava rama, Jamadagnya rama & Rambhadra

Story of Parshuram Avatar

parshuram avtar

Parshuram is believed to have been immortal. Born in the Bhrigu clan, Parshuram Avatar possessed the qualities of both brahmin and Kshatriyas. He was half Brahmin and half Kshatriya. Lord Vishnu had incarnated as Parashuram to end the evil deeds of Arjuna, a Kshatriya king who was blessed with invincibility. He had 1000s of arms and he along with other Kshatriya kings had strayed from their path and Parshuram Avatar was born to eliminate the evil in the form of Kshatriyas.

The killing of Jamadagni – Why Parashuram killed his mother Renuka & cut her head

Parshuram’s parents were spiritual people and his father Jamadagni had his ashram on the bank of the river. It was there that he imparted education to his sons and disciples. One day, while he was performing yajna, he asked his wife Renuka to fetch some water from the river for oblation. Renuka went as asked to fetch some water but she lost track of time and missed oblation as celestial singer Chitraratha was indulging in leisure activities with his wife in the river.

Parashuram killed his mother Renuka & cut her head

Sage Jamadagni was so angry at his wife’s carelessness that he asked his sons to behead her. No son came forward. Seeing this, Lord Vishnu Avatar Parshuram picked his axe and killed his mother. His father was very impressed and offered him a boon. Parshuram asked for the life of his dead mother’s back. By then, Jamadagni’s anger had subsided and thus he brings his wife back to life.

The incident with the cow

Jamadagni and Renuka had a magical cow called Kaamdhenu that was the symbol of abundance. It had emerged out of the ocean during the great churning. One day when the sage and his sons were away and Renuka was alone, a few Kshatriyas came to visit, Renuka offered them food and delicious milk from the cow. The Kshatriyas on seeing this and finding out about the cow decided to take it to king Arjuna. They asked for the cow and Renuka refused. However, while leaving, The Kshatriyas seized the cow and took it with them anyway.

The incident with the cow

Parshuram came back to his mother wailing and was very angry. He at once stormed to Mahishmati, the capital of Arjuna. Seeing him, Arjuna mocked him and told him that his father and he should only indulge in Penance and forget about Kaamdhenu as only Kshatriyas deserve the best of all things. He sent his army to face Bhagwaan Parshuram who is the Avatar of God Vishnu and not one did survive. Arjuna was too furious to see his army destroyed. So, he went on his own to fight Parshuram.

Arjuna completely forgot about the curse that was spelled upon him by Muni Vashisth after Arjuna had once burnt a forest down. The curse was meant for him to be killed by a very powerful man and he was to cut off all the thousand arms of Arjuna. The curse did turn into reality and Arjuna’s all thousand arms were cut off by Parshuram followed by his beheading.

Parshuram brought Kaamdhenu back and handed it over to his mother. Jamadagni was not very happy with his son’s adventures as it seemed he had given air to an enmity between the Brahmins and the Kshatriyas. Jamadagni, in order to atone for Parshuram’s sins, asked him to go for a pilgrimage. Parshuram obeyed his father’s command.

Kartavirya Arjuna killed by Parashuram Avatar

That incarnation of God is known as Jamadagnya (Parashurama). For what and when did he take incarnation in Bhrigukul, he tells the episode, listen. King Yudhishthira! Parshuram, the son of Maharishi Jamadagni, is very powerful. Parashurama, the best among the strong men, killed the Haihayavansh. Mahaparakrami Kartavirya did not keep his life in the Arjuna force but was killed by Jamadagninandan Parasurama because of his improper behavior. ShatruSudan Haihayaj Kartavirya was sitting on the Arjuna chariot, but in the battle, Parashuramaji killed him by knocking him down. It was Lord Govind who emerged in the Bhrigu dynasty as Parashuram. This is the one who disguises the head of Jambasur and is fatal to Shatdundubhi. He incarnated only to kill Sahasrabahu Arjuna, who had won thousands of battles, in the war. Mahayashasvi Parashurama had conquered the six hundred and forty thousand Kshatriyas gathered on the banks of the Saraswati river with the help of a bow.

The tale of the bloody revenge

Meanwhile, the sons of Arjuna were seeking their father’s revenge and while Parshuram was away, they came to the ashram and killed Jamadagni. Renuka fainted as she was grief-stricken and scared. Parshuram came back to find out what had happened. This angered and devastated him. He swore to avenge his father’s death and annihilate the entire Kshatriya race.

With his axe in his hand and blood on his mind, he went to the Prince’s palace and went on a killing spree. He started by killing all the Kshatriyas in the palace, then he killed every single Kshatriya king and did not stop until not one Kshatriya was left. He finally avenged his father’s death by killing all the Kshatriyas and filling five ponds with the blood of all Kshatriyas. This pond came to be known as Samant-panchaka. Later, Parshuram took a dip in the blood-filled pond and performed rituals to honor his father’s death. 

It is believed that Parshuram still exists in this world among us as he was known to be Chiranjeevi or immortal and he was believed to rule until the end of the world.

How Parashuram became from Rambhadra Ram

Parshuram’s birth name is believed to be Rama and some Rambhadra, he is also known by the names Bhargava, Bhrigupati, Jamadagnya, Bhriguvanshi, etc. It is believed that for the destruction of sinners, he did the hard penance of Lord Shiva and got the blessings of mastering the art of warfare from him.

He also received many unique weapons from Lord Shiva, one of them was Lord Shiva’s Parshu which is also known as Fursa or axe. He was very dear to them and always kept it together. He was called Parashurama only because of wearing a Parshu.

Akshaya Tritiya and Parshuram born

Lord Parshuram was born on Vaishakh Shukla Tritiya. It is also considered to be the Akshaya Tritiya one of the most auspicious days of the Hindu calendar. ‘Akshay’ means ‘which never decays’, which means that it never perishes. Thakur Ji’s Charan Darshan takes place on this day in Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Also Read: Parshuram Jayanti Date & Significance

Akshaya Tritiya and Parshuram born

Akshaya Tritiya is also commonly referred to as ‘Akhtij “or’ Akha Teej”. The Tritiya date of Shukla Paksha in Vaishakh month is popularly known as “Akshaya Tritiya”. Akshaya Tritiya was incarnated by Lord Vishnu as Parashurama.

You may also like to read: Significance Of Akshaya Tritiya

Akshaya Tritiya according to Bhavishya Purana

According to the prophecy, Satyug and Tretayug started on the day of Vaishakh Paksha Tritiya. Lord Vishnu incarnated on the Akshaya Tritiya date as Hayagreeva and Parashurama. From this date, the doors of the Hindu shrine Badrinath are opened. Charan darshan at Banke Bihari temple of Vrindavan is done on the day of Akshaya Tritiya. Brahma’s son Akshay Kumar was also born on this day.

Akshaya Tritiya according to Padma Purana

According to the Padma Purana, the midday of Akshaya Tritiya is considered the most auspicious. This day is considered the end of the Mahabharata war and Dwapara Yuga.


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