Saptasati – the holy book of puja procedure of Devi; has explained certain interesting facts about Goddess Durga and the rituals to be followed during Navratri. From Mahalaya day the grand Durga Puja countdown begins. In Hindu tradition from the New Moon to the Full Moon of Bhadra, the fifteen days period is known as the Goddess Period or Devi Paksha. In this period Hindus believe, is the best time to do any sacred work.
Traditionally Durga Puja used to be practiced during springtime by King Suratha. That is why it is also known as Basanti Puja. According to Purana on this day Lord Rama worshipped Devi Durga before departing for Lanka to kill the demon Ravana. Lord Rama worshipped Devi Durga in the autumn state (Shashti tithi) – where all the Gods and Goddesses are asleep; that is why it is also known as Untimely Worshipping or Akaal ‘Bodhan’. He performed this puja as he needed the help of the Goddess – the power she possessed.
This power was needed to kill the very strong and witty demon Ravana. It is known as Akaal Bodhan as it was the time when Lord Rama worshipped Devi Durga. This is said to be the period where God and Goddess are in the awakened state. This period falls on the Paush month and lasts till the 9th Asadh.
There’s another major Hindu ritual that is observed during this period that is Pitru Paksha as this is the time when Pitras arise. It is not just the Pitras who get satisfied during this time but also other living things starting from an ameba to trees get satisfaction.
Lord Rama had performed this Maha Puja in Shasthi Tithi during the evening to awaken the power.
From the next day onwards ‘Devi Paksha’ starts. It is a period of 9 days which is more famously known as Navratri. The 9 days depict 9 Goddesses and forms of power.
- Navratri Day 1: (Pratipada)- Thursday, 07 October 2021 – Ghatsthapana, Shailputri Puja
- Navratri Day 2: (Dwitiya) – Friday, 08 October 2021 – Brahmacharini Puja, Sindhara Dooj
- Navratri Day 3: (Tritiya) – Saturday, 09 October 2021 – Chandraghanta Puja
- Navratri Day 4: (Chaturthi) – Saturday, 09 October 2021 – Kushmanda Puja
- Navratri Day 5: (Panchami) – Sunday, 10 October 2021 – Skandamata Puja, Naag Puja, Laxmi Panchami, Skanda Sashti
- Navratri Day 6: (Shashthi) – Monday, 11 October 2021 – Katyayani Puja, Yamuna Chhath
- Navratri Day 7: (Maha Saptami) – Tuesday, 12 October 2021 – Kalaratri Puja, Maha Saptami
- Navratri Day 8: (Maha Ashtami) – Wednesday, 13 October 2021 – Mahagauri Puja, Durga Ashtami, Annapurna Ashtami, Rama Navami
- Navratri Day 9: (Maha Navami) – Thursday, 14 October 2021 – Navaratri Parana, Siddhidatri Puja