Sankranti occurs when the Sun moves from one Zodiac into another. There are twelve Sankranti in a year. In Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Orissa, Punjab, and Gujarat, the month begins on the day of Sankranti. Whereas in Bengal and Assam, the end of the month is considered as the day of Sankranti.
Sankranti 2020 Dates
2020 Sankranti Calendar with dates, festivals, and vrats.
|Sankranti Dates||Sankranti Name||Festival|
|Wednesday, 15 January||Makar Sankranti||Pongal, Uttarayana, Magh Bihu|
|Thursday, 13 February||Kumbh Sankranti|
|Saturday, 14 March||Meena Sankranti|
|Monday, 13 April||Mesha Sankranti||Solar New Year, Pohela Boishakh,|
Pana Sankranti, Vishu, Baisakhi
|Thursday, 14 May||Vrishabha Sankranti|
|Sunday, 14 June||Mithuna Sankranti|
|Thursday, 16 July||Karka Sankranti|
|Sunday, 16 August||Simha Sankranti||Malayalam New Year|
|Wednesday, 16 September||Kanya Sankranti||Vishwakarma Puja|
|Saturday, 17 October||Tula Sankranti|
|Monday, 16 November||Vrishchika Sankranti|
|Tuesday, 15 December||Dhanu Sankranti|
Important festival on Sankranti 2020
Among all Sankranti, Makar Sankranti is the most significant. It is celebrated by different names in different states of India. Like Pongal in southern India, Lohri in Punjab, Magh Bihu in the eastern Indian States. Due to the popularity of Makar Sankranti; it is just known as Sankranti. The Hindu solar new year starts from Mesha Sankranti and Vishwakarma Puja celebrates on Kanya Sankranti.
Makar Sankranti is the most observed harvest festival in India. It is dedicated to Lord Surya. One of the holiest days in the Hindu Lunar calendar. It falls on 14th or 15th January every year. The transition of Sun into zodiac sign Capricorn(Makar) from this day. So this auspicious day named as Makar Sankranti. According to the solar calendar, it measures the day and night to be of equal duration on this day. From this day onwards, the days become longer and warmer.
Pongal is one of the most popular Hindu harvest festivals in south India. In 2020, the Pongal starts from January 15th and ends on January 18th. This auspicious day is dedicated to giving thanks to nature for her productivity. They also worship Lord Surya for rich agricultural crops. The festival’s most significant practice is the preparation of the traditional pongal dish. It utilizes freshly harvested rice by boiling it in milk and jaggery.
Magh Bihu is the Harvest festival of Assam. It is also called as Maghar Domahi or Bhogali Bihu. This festival is dedicated to Agni Dev. People establish wooden huts, prepare delicious food items and collect bamboo sticks (Meji) to burn during bonfires in the night time. The left ashes are used for spreading on the farmlands to proliferate fertility and cultivation.
Solar New Year
Solar New Year is the first day of the solar cycle year, i.e. Mesha Sankranti in the Hindu lunisolar calendar. On this day, Sun completes its Zodiac Year. Hence, it Sun Transit from Water Sign Pisces which is the 12th of the cycle to Fire Sign Aries which is the first.
Baisakhi is a historical and religious festival in Sikhism and Hinduism. It usually falls on 13 or 14 April every year. Vaisakhi marks the first day of the month of Vaisakha. It is additionally a spring harvest festival for many Indians. Astrologically, the date of Baisakhi is significant as it marks the sun’s entry into Mesh Rashi (Mesha Sankranti).
Pana Sankranti is the celebration of the new year day festival in Odisha, India. It is also known as Maha Vishuba Sankranti. In the Odia tradition, the Pana Sankranti is the birthday of the Hindu deity Hanuman. It almost always falls on 14 April every year on the Gregorian calendar.
Malayalam New Year
Simha Sankranti remarks start of Chingam month – the 1st month of Kollam Era and Malayalam Calendar. The Malayalam New Year is a greatly admired and notable festival in Kerala. In the Gregorian calendar, it appears in the middle of August.
Vishwakarma Puja celebrates the birth anniversary of the Hindu god of architect Vishwakarma. It falls every year on Kanya Sankranti. Vishwakarma puja is celebrated a day after Diwali, along with Govardhan Puja.
Tula Sankranti is an important festival of Odisha. It is observed on the first day of the solar month of Kartik. It is also known as Garbhana Sankranti. This day holds great importance to the farmers.
Dos and Dont’s of Sankranti
Sankranti Dates are very auspicious. So One should be very careful on these dates to get rid of its evil effects.
What to do on Sankranti
- Bathing the Ganges on the day of Sankranti has great significance. If you cannot bathe in the river, then take a bath by mixing Ganga water in your house.
- After taking a bath, offer water to the Sun.
- Worshiping the Lord Sun on Sankranti brings happiness in your life.
- Also worship Lord Shiva, Vishnu, and Mother Lakshmi. Donating on the day of Sankranti is considered very special.
- Donate food, clothes, etc. to the poor.
- Feed and serve the cow.
- Buy a new broom in the house, it will help the mother Lakshmi.
- Take the blessings of your elders and respect them.
- Make sesame and khichdi at home. After the Brahmin feast, donate it to the poor.
- Sit with your family and eat yourself.
What not to do on the Sankranti
- On the day of Sankranti, you should keep your mind clean along with your body.
- Also, do not harm trees and plants on this day.
- Do not consume green vegetables, fruits, etc.
- Do not harm basil either.
- Stay away from black clothes on the day of Sankranti and do not wear black clothes.
- Avoid tamasic food on the day of Sankranti.
- Do not consume non-vegetarian food including potato, garlic, onion, etc.
- Avoid drinking alcohol on the day of Sankranti.
- Do not bring ill-will in mind while donating any poor or animal.
- Do not donate old or stale food.