Shravan Purnima is the full moon day of Shravan Maas, an auspicious day in the Hindu calendar. In 2021, it will be enthusiastically venerated on Sunday, 22 August. The famous Raksha Bandhan festival is celebrated on this day; so it is also famous as Rakhi Purnima. Apart from the rakhi celebration, there are many spiritual activities and rituals performed on Shravan Purnima. As it is the last day of the holiest month of Shravan and some other regional festivals associated with it.
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Festivals Associated with Shravan Purnima
Raksha Bandhan is the most popular festival celebrated on Shravan Purnima. But there are several other significant aspects that are associated with this Purnima. There are various other festivals and rituals which are performed on the full moon day of Shravana.
The festivals observe on this Shravan Purnima are
- Raksha Bandhan- The grand rakhi celebration
- Hayagreeva Jayanthi- the day to worship Hayagriva God
- Upakarma- changing ceremonial threads amongst people.
- Jandhyam Purnima: the day when Upakarma is performed.
- Narali Purnima: The sacred observance of offering coconut to the Sea to admire Lord Varuna who is the divinity of waterbodies.
- Avani Avittam: South-Indian Brahmins wear the sacred thread, followed by Gayatri Japa Sankalpam on River banks.
- Balaram Jayanthi: the day when Balaram God was born.
- Amarnath yatra’s last day: very famous Amarnath Yatra begins from Guru Purnima and finishes on Shravan Purnima.
- Kajari Purnima: To solemnize the festive day of specific crops and fertilizers.
- Pavitropana: To venerate Lord Shiva by performing unique puja and prayers.
The word “Raksha Bandhan” means “the thread of protection” in Hindi, whereby sisters pray for their brothers’ long and healthy life by tying a thread around their wrists. The brothers, in turn, pledge to protect sisters for life. Apart from siblings, the Raksha Bandhan ritual is also observed by men and women who are not biological siblings but share the same feeling.
Nariyal Purnima is a festival celebrated in the coastal provinces of India. On this day people go to the coast and worship the sea, that is, the deity Varuna who controls water. Due to the worship, it is the belief one does not have to face the dangers of the sea. On this day coconut (Nariyal ) is offered with faith to the sea. It is taken to the seashore in a procession.
Amarnath yatra’s last day
According to the Puranas, the sacred Amarnath Yatra starts on Guru Poornima and it ends on Shravan Purnima. Water is offered on Shivling by the ‘Kavanriyas’ and their journey concludes on this day. Lord Shiva is worshipped on this day. In the festival of Pavitropana (explained later), the cotton is dipped in ghee and the lamp is lighted before lord Shiva.
The festival of Kajari Purnima is also celebrated on the day of Shravan Purnima in some provinces. On this day Women fill the pots made from the leaves of the tree with soil and barley is sown into it. After that, women carry these pots on their heads and leave these pots into the nearest port or river. Women sow Kajri (wheat) after the worship of Goddess Bhagwati, the goddess of prosperity, and pray for her blessings for a good crop.
Significance of Shravan Purnima
Shravana Purnima is regarded as a highly auspicious day in Hindu culture. The various rituals which are performed on this day possess immense significance. The rituals of ‘Upnayan’ and ‘Yagyopaveet’ are observed on this day. Brahmins also observe the ‘Shudhikaran’ ritual on this Purnima as it is considered as one of the most sacred days for performing religious rituals. The devotees perform special worship of Lord Shiva on this holy day. There are various reasons which make this day so important among Hindus.
This sacred festivity is revered on a full moon day, hence Shravan Purnima is considered very favorable to worship Moon to remove Chandra Dosha effects from one’s life. It is also considered important for donations and charities to needy and deprived people. Feeding Pandits and worshiping Lord Vishnu and Goddess Laxmi are highly propitious on this day. It is advised to take proper muhurat before initiating any puja or prayer at this festival. Brahmins and other people who purely believe in wearing sacred threads wear brand new threads on the bank of the pious rivers. Ardent followers of Hinduism and the peeps who have a particular liking towards Hindu culture take devoutly vows