Teej Festival is one of the most important vrats for Hindu women. It is mostly observed in northern India and Nepal. Teej are primarily dedicated to Goddess Parvati and her union with Lord Shiva. So it is highly auspicious for married women. They keep fast and perform teej rituals for well-being for their family and long life of their husband.
Hariyali Teej falls on Shukla Paksha Tritiya in Shravana maas and usually falls two days before Nag Panchami. This Teej is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Hariyali Teej falls during Sawan month which is the holy month to observe various fasts devoted to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
Teej Festival 2020 Tithi and Puja Time
Hariyali Teej Saturday, 23 July 2020
Tritiya Tithi Begins – 07:22 PM on Jul 22, 2020;
Tritiya Tithi Ends – 05:03 PM on Jul 23, 2020
Kajari Teej Sunday, 6 Aug 2020
Tritiya Tithi Begins – 10:50 PM on Aug 05, 2020;
Tritiya Tithi Ends – 12:14 AM on Aug 07, 2020.
Hartalika Teej Sunday, 21 Aug 2020
Tritiya Tithi Begins – 02:13 AM on Aug 21, 2020;
Tritiya Tithi Ends – 11:02 PM on Aug 21, 2020.
When and where is Teej Festival Celebrated?
Teej is a festival celebrated by women to attain success and happiness in their marriage life. In this puja, they worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It doesn’t have a fixed date to be celebrated every year, it is determined by the cycle of Moon. It is usually celebrated during Shukla paksha Tritiya of Bhadrapada Month (August/September); India’s monsoon season. Most of the time it is performed one day before Ganesh Chaturthi. A number of states follow this ritual primarily in the central and northern regions of the country. States such as Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana consider it as an important event.
Teej History: Story behind performing Teej puja
Hartalika Teej is named after the legend associated with it. “Harat” means “abduction” and “Aalika” means “female friend”. According to the mythology of Hartalika Teej, Goddess Parvati had a friend who took her to the thick forest, in order to protect her from her father who was getting her married to Lord Vishnu against her wish.
This made Parvati’s father think that she has been kidnapped and hence this day is known as Hartalika. After her superficial abduction, she did rigorous ‘Tapasya’ to attain Lord Shiva as her husband. Her dedication and determination made Lord Shiva fall in love with her and so he accepted the Goddess as his wife.
The word ‘Teej’ is a reference of tiny red insects that come out from the soil during monsoon. It is believed that when these insects had emerged out Parvati visited Shiva’s residence and hence they became connected as man and woman.
Puja Vidhi of Teej Festival
Women accessorize themselves in the best attires. They perform certain entertainment activities like putting Heena on their hands, singing songs, dancing, swing on swings and much more.
Women take an early bath and then dress up with fine clothes. They prepare sand idols of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati to be worshipped. Then the entire legend of the Hartalika incident, and mantras are narrated in front of the idols.
A book named Prachin Vratraj gives detailed Vidhi to perform Hartalika Puja. Mentioned below are the steps to be performed.
• Early morning bath with Sesame and Amalak powder
• Dressing up with fine clothes
• Resolution to perform Hartalika Vrat to please Uma-Maheshwar
• Worship Lord Ganesh before worshipping Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati
• Shodashopachara Pooja (16 upchars to be executed for worship) of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
• Anga Puja for Goddess Parvati
Every woman willing to live a successful and struggle free married life can perform Teej wholeheartedly. Believing in God in itself is the first step towards any solution.