According to our ancient Hindu scriptures which are the Saptasudhi, the theory of the Navratri festival has been described. We are normally aware of two types of Navratri that are Chaitra Navratri and Shardiya Navratri. But, you will be amazed to hear that Navratri falls four times in a year.
Four types of Navratri
Below mentioned are the 4 types of Navratri and the time frame in which they fall.
- Shardiya Navratri – Among all Navratri; Shardiya Navratri is the most popular and significant. Shardiya (Sharada) means autumn and forms a major part of crop harvesting time. Shardiya Navratri falls during the months of September-October. This Navratri is also known as Maha Navratri and Sharada Navratri. The entire mythological connection behind Navratri lies with the defeat of Mahishasura from NavaDurga. Shardiya Navratri is also celebrated as; mythology says that Ramachandra had killed Ravana during this period. Gods are said to sleep during the period of Ashwin month (i.e. September and October). Lord Ram had awakened Goddess Durga in the Tithi of Shasthi during the evening.
- Chaitra Navratri – It is the second most famous Navratri whose name represents spring. It is observed during Chaitra month that is during March and April. This nine days long festival starts from the first day (pratipada) of the first month of the Hindu Lunar calendar “Chaitra”. In 2020, Chaitra Navratri starts from 25 March and ends on 3 April. It is also known as Vasant Navratri and Rama Navratri. Rama Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama usually falls on the ninth day during Chaitra Navratri. But this year it observes on the 8th day(navami tithi) of Chaitra Navratri; that is Thursday, 02 April 2020. Most of the rituals and customs are the same as followed during the ‘Shardiya Navratri’. All nine days during Navratri are dedicated to nine forms of Goddess Shakti.
- Magha Navratri – This is the Navratri which falls on the winter season. It is more popularly known to people as Vasant Panchami. This falls during January and February.
- Ashada Navratri – This falls in the month of June and July and comes during the hail of monsoon.
It is believed that we should keep fast and follow the rituals of Navratri, four times a year. These rituals of fasting were introduced by our intellectual ancestors keeping in mind the scientific changes of our body.
The science behind Navratri Celebration
When climate changes, body is affected and it gets more prone to different kinds of bacteria. This leads to various mental disorders as well as health problems. To prevent these unwanted situations ancestors had created the system of Navratri.
Scientifically when climate changes, the negative impacts affect female brains the most. Females become psychologically more week and reactive. The ones who already have mental disorders face a major problems during Saptami.
To eradicate these problems ancestors had invented the process of Navratri where fasting is the major requirement. Our ancient solutions say that mental disorders happen due to problem indigestion or food habits.
Hence, it is advised to consider keeping fast or eating in small quantities, throughout the period of Navratri.
It is better if you can follow the process of fasting or minimal eating in the four Navratri’s as it will keep you extremely fit and attract positive energies towards you.