Maharaja Agrasena: The Lord of Harmony
Maharaja Agrasena (also Agrasen or Devanagari ) was born to King Ballabh of Pratapnagar in the Mahabharat epic era. He was born about 5000 years ago. According to the current calendar during the last stages of Dwapar Yuga.King Ballabh was a Suryavamshi (lineage from the Sun). Maharaja Agrasena, the eldest Son of king Ballabh, was a legendary Indian king of Agroha. According to the Mahalakshmi Vrath, Maharaja Agrasena was a Suryavanshi Kshatriya king. Mythology says – the age that was the last stage of Dwapar Yuga and coetaneous to Lord Krishna.
A Famous Hindi author Bharatendu Harishchandra who was himself an Agrawal wrote ‘Agarwalon ki Utpatti’ (The origin of Agrawals) in 1871 based on an account in the Mahalaxmi Vrat Katha manuscript.
Maharaja Agrasena ruled some 5000 years back over Agroha around the time of ‘Mahabharata. Agroha / Agra Republic was established around 51 years before the war of Mahabharata. Agrasena established a kingdom of traders in North India and was very well known for his compassion and solicitude nature. When he was very young He never discriminated among his subjects and was against to slaughter animals in Yajnas.
‘Swayamvara’ – The Toughest Competition
The daughter of the King Nagaraja announced the Swayamvara of his Daughter–Madhavi. Maharaja Agrasena and Indra, the God of Heaven and also the Lord of storms and rainfall participated in the Madhavi’s swayamvara. And they both were curious to marry the princess. At the Swayamvara which was held in King Nagaraja’s court, Madhavi chose Agrasena as her husband which led God Indra into disappointment. Further, furious Indra decided to take revenge by making sure that Pratapnagar did not receive any rain. As a result, a dearth struck Agrasen’s kingdom, who then decided to prosecute a war against Lord Indra. Then Sage Narada was sent by Indra, who mediated peace between Agrasena and Indra.
Penance For Agroha’s Peace
Later, Agrasena started a severe Tapasya (penance) to appease Lord Shiva in the city of Kashi. By Mahraja’s finest Tapasya, Shiva got pleased and advised him to propitiate Goddess ‘MahaLaxmi’ for the welfare of his whole community.
Agrasena again started a rigorous austerity to please Mahalaxmi who blessed him after seeing his devotion. She urged Agrasena (who was a Kshatriya) to take up the Vaishya tradition of business for the sake of the prosperity of his subjects. She asked him to establish a new kingdom and promised that she would bless his descendants with ample prosperity and wealth.