How Agarwals Got The Surnames.
The eldest son of King Ballabh of Pratapnagar, Agrasena was born during the last stages of Dwapar Yuga. Agrasena fathered 18 children, from whom the Agrawala gotras came into being. Then Agrasena decided to divide his kingdom among his 18 children, This resulted in eighteen Agrawala Gotras.
Agarwala Surname was basically derived from the words Agrasena and Baalak respectively. ‘Bal’ or ‘Wal’ has been taken from Baalak which means Child and Agra from Agrasena. The Surname Agarwala ideally means Sons (Children) of Agrasena or people of Agroha. Later on, Maharaja Agrasena adopted Vanika Dharma for the benefit of his Agroha people and his Sons. There is a saying that he has also established a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana.
Following are the seventeen and a half gotras of Agrawals: Garga, Golia, Gavala, Batsila, Kasila, Simghala, Mamgala, Kuchhala, Tingala, Airana, Tairana, Thingala, Tittala, Mittala, Tundala, Tayala, Gobhila, and Goina (considered as half gotra).
No Marriages In The Same Gotras Concept
The Basic Concept behind the division of Gotras is to maintain the harmony and brotherhood among them. To retaliate this purpose, Maharaja Agrasena decided to promote a rule of not marrying the children among their origin Gotra. They were allowed to marry strictly in other 17 Gotras represented by state units but not in their own Gotra.
Whereas some sources claimed that there were 17 and a half Gotra instead of 18.This half Gotra donates to the illegitimate offsprings. Some other sources believed because King Agrasena had performed only 17 and a half Yajnas. Therefore gods blessed him with 17 and a half Gotra.
The Truth Behind Their Excellence in Business
At the Time of Akbar during 1542-1605, Some Agarwalas entrepreneurs migrated from their Native Places. The places were Haryana and Rajasthan, and other adjoining regions, to different parts of Undivided India. Some Agarwalas shifted to the eastern parts of India. They moved to Bihar Orissa, Jharkhand, Bangladesh and Calcutta. During the Period of Mughal Empires (16th century-19th centuries) and British East India Company and hence adopted the Marwadis Baniyas culture after the settlement.
During the time of the Bengal Nawabs, Agarwala Folks exhibited their acumen and looked over banking, Finance and Hundi Business. They had almost complete control over these Hundi Businesses. They propagated this Business to numerous Areas such as Chittagong, Khulna, Naogaon, Mymensingh, and Arakan. There they introduced this system in these areas with Chettiars.