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Ashadhi Ekadashi is the eleventh date in the lunar month. There are two Ekadashi in all lunar months. Which is Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha and Ekadashi of Krishna Paksha. And this date is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Ashadh is also called Ashadhi Ekadashi. This Ekadashi has many names such as Devshayani Ekadashi, Harishayani, and Padmanabha Ekadashi, etc. It falls in the month of July. It is believed that this is the sleeping period of Lord Vishnu. According to the Puranas, from this day Lord Vishnu sleeps in Kshirsagar for four months. Hence it is also called Harishayani Ekadashi. Chaturmas start from this day.
According to the Hindu calendar, Ashadhi Ekadashi vrat observes on the eleventh day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Ashadha. This year it falls on Tuesday, 20 July.
Lord Vishnu is worshiped on Ekadashi date. On Ashadhi Ekadashi, worshiping Lord Vishnu before rituals is of great importance. On this day, devotees keep a fast and worship Lord Vishnu.
- Those devotees who observe the fast of Ashadhi Ekadashi should wake up early in the morning and take a bath.
- After cleaning the place of worship, the idol of Lord Vishnu should be seated on the pedestal and worship Shodashopchar of God.
- Offer yellow clothes, yellow flowers, yellow sandalwood to Lord Vishnu. Embellish the conch, chakra, mace, and Padma in their hands.
- After offering paan and betel nut to Lord Vishnu, offer incense, lamps, and flowers and offer aarti and praise Lord Vishnu with this mantra - "Supte Tvayi Jagannath Jamsutsuptam Bhavedidam, Vibuddhe Tvayi Buddha Buddha Jagatsarva Characharam."
- That is, O Lord Jagannath! When you become sleepy, the whole world becomes sleepy and when you wake up, the whole world and pasture are also awakened.
- In this way, after worshiping Lord Vishnu, after taking food to Brahmins, take food or fruit by themselves.
- On Ashadhi Ekadashi, one should worship and praise Lord Vishnu in the night and get the Lord to sleep before going to sleep.
Dharmaraja Yudhishthira said- O Keshav! What is the name of Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi? What is the law of observing this fast and which god is worshiped on this date? Sri Krishna said, O Yudhishthira! The story that Brahma Ji told Naradji is what I tell you. Once Naradji asked this question Brahma.
Then Brahmaji replied that, O Narada, you have asked a very good question for the salvation of the living beings, because the fast of Ashadhi Ekadashi is the best among all the fasts. All the sins are destroyed by this fast and those who do not observe this fast go to hell. By observing this fast, Lord Vishnu is pleased and gets his blessings. The name of this Ekadashi is the Padma. It is also known as Ashadhi Ekadashi, Vishnu-Shayani Ekadashi, Ashadhi Ekadashi and Harishayani Ekadashi.
Now let me tell you a legend. You listen carefully. In the Suryavansha, there was a Chakravarti king named Mandhata, who was a truthful and great king. He used to follow his subjects very well. All his subjects were full of wealth and happiness. There was never a famine in his kingdom.
At one time there was no rain in the state for three years and there was a famine. The people got upset due to a lack of food grains. Yajna etc. were also stopped in the state due to the absence of food grains. One day the people went to the king and started saying, "O king!" The whole people are triumphing because the whole world exists through the rain.
There is a famine in the state due to lack of rain and people are dying due to famine. That's why Rajan! Suggest some such solution which can relieve the suffering of the subjects. King Mandhata said that you people are right, the rain only produces food, and you have become very sad due to lack of rain. I understand your problems. Saying this, the king took some army and left for the forest. He visited the ashram of many sages and finally reached the ashram of Angira Rishi, son of Brahma. There the king bowed to the sage Angira.
Muni blessed the king and asked him the reason for coming to the ashram. The king folded his hands and graciously said, "O God! There has been a terrible famine in my state even after practicing religion in all respects. People are very unhappy with this. It is said in the scriptures that the people are suffering greatly due to the influence of the sins of the king. When I rule according to Dharma, how did famine happen in my state? Due to this, I could not walk yet.
Now I have come to you to know this doubt. Please clear my doubts. Also, tell us the best and effective way to remove the suffering of the subjects. Hearing this, the sage said, "O Rajan!" This golden age is the best of all ages. This includes all four phases to the religion, the highest advancement of religion in this era. People worship Brahma and in this age, only Brahmins have the right to read Vedas and only Brahmins can have the right to do penance, but a Shudra is doing penance in your state. Due to this defect, there is no rain in your state and there is a famine.
Therefore, if you want the welfare of the people and the state, then kill that Shudra. On this, the king said, "How can I kill that Shudra who is doing penance?" Tell me some other way to get rid of this defect. Then the sage said, O Rajan! If you want to know other ways, then listen.
Legitiously observes the Ekadashi named the Padma of the Shukla Paksha of Ashadha month. Due to the effect of fast, there will be good rain in your state and all the people will get happiness because this Ekadashi fast is going to give all the siddhis and will destroy all the sufferings. Fast this Ekadashi including your subjects, servants, and ministers.
Ashadhi Ekadashi is an important day as Lord Vishnu is believed to go into yoga sleep for complete mental relaxation. It is considered as the time when he goes to rest on the cosmic ocean of milk, Kshirsagar. Hence no auspicious work is done during this period, most marriages. Hari Shayani Ekadashi begins one night before the actual date on the tenth lunar day of Ashada. These are not special celebrations, but this day is celebrated by worshiping the idols of Lord Vishnu and Lakshmiji in the morning. Devotees offer flowers to the Lord, light a lamp, and make kheer - a milk dessert that is offered to the holy deities and chant hymns and shlokas throughout the day.