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Bahula Chaturthi is a cultural festival of India among the farming community. On this day this community worships the cattle. Both the calves and the cows are worshipped. Bahula Chaturthi is also known as bol Chauth. It falls in the auspicious month of Shravana. This festival is celebrated with great fervor in the state of Gujarat a day before Nag Panchami.
Bahula Chaturthi is observed on Krishna Paksha Chaturthi of Shravan. In 2021, Bahula Chaturthi falls on Wednesday, 25 August.
Chaturthi Tithi Starts: 04:15 PM 25 August
Chaturthi Tithi Ends: 05:15 PM 26 August
-On this day worshippers should wake up early in the morning and take a bath. Also should bathe the cow and wash the cowshed.
-Devotees observe fast till the evening; one who cannot observe a strict fast can have millet bread and green gram that is steamed. Anything that is made of wheat should be avoided and one should not use any knife to cut the things they eat.
-People visit Vishnu or Krishna temples to offer their prayers. The idols of Lord Vishnu are worshipped with Sandalwood, fruits, flowers, and incense sticks.
-Some worshippers also sit in a quiet room and meditate on Vishnu by chanting his Mantra: "Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya".
Among the farming communities of Gujarat, there is a famous story of this festival that is widely popular. Once upon a time, there was a cow named Bahula who was on her way to feed her Calf and she came face to face with a lion. The Lion wanted to eat her but she said that she wanted to feed her calf first and once she was done she would come back and then the Lion could have her. The Lion trusted her and let her go and waited for her to come back. After some time had passed the Lion lost hope of eating its prey but to the lion's surprise the cow Bahula came back. Impressed by her commitment let the cow go. This was one story. There is another story that is also popular in the Morbi region of Kutch. The Story goes as once a married woman who belonged to a farmer's family had a calf named Ghaolo. Scared to death mother in law hid the dead calf in the forest but the villagers found out the truth and they informed the head of the village. The head of the village said that on this day one should not make any dairy products or eat wheat items that need to be cut with a knife. This Legend was the reason why worshipers on this day do not eat dairy products or wheat products or any food item that needs to be cut with a knife.
Bahula Chaturthi is celebrated as believed that on this day people who worship cows in the evening and observe fast attract good fortune. On this day devotees do not consume any dairy products or milk as they believe that only calves should have their mother’s milk. Devotees also worship idols or pictures of Lord Krishna as he signifies his love for cows.
Bahula Chaturthi is one such festival in India signifying reverence to cows. people come together and celebrate this festival with great devotion.