The day after Govardhan Puja in Hindu festivals at the time of Diwali celebration is termed as Bhai Dooj. Bhai Dooj – as the name says “Bhai” showcasing Brother and “Dooj” means second which means the festival of bonding between brothers and sisters, celebrated on the Dwitiya Tithi as per Hindu Lunar Calendar. In Bengal, it is referred as Bhai Phonta, whereas, in Nepal it is exalted as Bhai Tika. In Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa states, it is stated as Bhai Beej/Bhav Beej.
Bhai Dooj falls on Shukla Paksha Dwitiya of Kartik month - Tuesday, 29 October 2019.
This one of the prominent day of Diwali festivity signifies that the brother will protect his sister throughout the life span. Through Bhai Dooj celebration, the sincerest prayers of a sister for his brother long and happy life is also conveyed. On this day, sisters apply tilak to their brothers forehead and perform aarti. They pray to God for the well-being and longevity of their brothers.
• During the evening time of Bhai Dooj, sisters prepare sweetmeats and other food items for their brother.
• Sisters invite their beloved brothers to come to their place for this festival.
• Sisters make a space near worshipping area or just close to the home temple with rice flour for their brothers to sit.
• At the arrival of her brother, she applies vermillion tilak to his forehead and does Aarti.
• Then sister gives Kaddu flower, betel leaves, betel nut and coins in the brother’s palm also recite mantras by pouring water over them.
• She also prays for his long life, prosperity and happiness.
• She also keeps a fast for his longevity and good health.
• She made Kheer and coconut Laddoos as the traditional cuisines on this festival.
• Exchanging gifts are also become popular amongst brothers and sisters to show the love and affection towards each other.