Dhanteras Puja Vidhi and Rituals
The festival of lights Diwali is basically the five days observance; which starts with the
prominent day of Dhanteras. Dhanteras is also called Dwadashi Dhantrayodashi, Dhanvantari Trayodashi or Yama Deepam. 'Dhanvantari
Trayodashi' or 'Dhantrayodashi' marks
the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi who
is popular as the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity among her ardent followers.
This day is also referred to as the birthday of Dhanvantari who is the God of Health and Healing. He is also famous
as Kuber God in Hinduism. Dhanteras is derived from two Hindi
words “Dhan” & “teras”. Dhan refers to Wealth &Teras means ‘Thirteenth’. Dhanteras
is being observed on the thirteenth day of the Kartik month and solemnized as
the 1st or 2nd day of the Diwali; depending on the Hindu lunar calendar.
Rituals of Dhanteras - A proper Puja Vidhi
As per the Hindu calendar, Dhanteras is celebrated on the opportune thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik. In 2020 Dhanteras is observed on Friday, 13 November. Here are a proper puja vidhi and rituals of Dhanteras.
- Dhanteras is observed throughout the country with full devotion, fervor, and enthusiasm. People start decorating their houses, offices from this day
with Rangoli, Lights, diyas, etc.
- To welcome the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity Maa Lakshmi and to
indicate her long-awaited arrival, small footprints are drawn with rice flour
and vermilion powder all over the houses and temples.
- On this favorable day, a Chaumukhi Diya- a square Diya with four mouths
is being lit up at the main entrance door of the house in the evening.
- Before lighting up the Diya (earthen lamps) in the evening, the puja of
the diya is being done with Kumkum, Gud (jaggery), Coriander Seeds, Rice, Moong
Daal (split green gram), one kodi (shell) with one hole, murmure ( a form of
puffed rice), Patasha & Coins are put inside the Diya to worship the
- The Kodi (shell) is kept in the cash box or in the house on the next day
morning to revere Kuber God.
- It is also said that by lighting this Diya which is Yama Deep, sudden death can be avoided.
- On this day, the Subh-Labh is written outside the door on both sides of
- Few people write Ram Ram as well on each corner or else in the home
- On this favorable day, there is a tradition of purchasing silver or
gold coins, steel utensils and other jewelry even Lakshmi Ganesha silver
idols to worship them on the day of Diwali.