five days observance is basically the festival of lights, which starts with the
prominent day of Dhanteras. Dhanteras is also famed as- Dwadashi Dhantrayodashi, Dhanvantari Trayodashi or Yama Deepam among
Hindu devotees. Dhanvantari
Trayodashi” or “Dhantrayodashi” marks
the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi who
is popular as the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity among her ardent followers.
This day is also referred to as the birthday of Dhanvantari who is the God of Health and Healing. He is also famous
as Kuber God in Hinduism. “Dhanteras” is derived from two Hindi
words “dhan” & “teras”. Dhan refers to Wealth &Teras means ‘Thirteenth’. Dhanteras
is being observed on the thirteenth day of the Kartik month and solemnized as
the second day of the Diwali.
Dwadashi Dhantrayodashi or Dhanvantari
Trayodashi Puja Muhurat:
As per Hindu
calendar, it is celebrated on the opportune thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik. Dhanteras will be observed on 5th
November (Monday) in the year 2018.
Trayodashi Tithi begins from 06:54 on 5/Nov/2018 and ends by
05:16 on 6/Nov/2018.
Rituals on Dhanteras- a proper Puja Vidhi:
. Dhanteras is observed throughout the country with full devotion, fervour
and enthusiasm. People start decorating their houses, offices from this day
with Rangoli, Lights, diyas etc.
. To welcome the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity-Mother Lakshmi and to
indicate her long-awaited arrival, small footprints are drawn with rice flour
and vermilion powder all over the houses and temples.
. On this favourable day, a Chaumukhi Diya- a square Diya with four mouths
is being lit up at the main entrance door of the house in the evening.
. Before lighting up the Diya (earthen lamps) in the evening, the puja of
the diya is being done with Kumkum, Gud (jaggery), Coriander Seeds, Rice, Moong
Daal (split green gram), one kodi (shell) with one hole, murmure ( a form of
puffed rice), Patasha & Coins are put inside the Diya to worship the
. The kodi (shell) is kept in the cash box or in the house at the next day
morning to revere Kuber God.
. It is also said that by lighting this Diya which is Yama Deep, sudden death can be avoided.
. On this day, the Subh-Labh is written outside the door on both sides of
. Few people write Ram Ram as well on each corner or else in the home
. On this favourable day, there is a tradition of purchasing silver or
gold coins, steel utensils and other jewelleries even Lakshmi Ganesha silver
idols to worship them on the day of Diwali.