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According to Skanda Purana, on the day of Ganga Dussehra, a person should go to any holy river to bathe, meditate and donate. With this, he gets freedom from all his sins. If a person cannot reach the holy river, then he should bathe in his house on a nearby river.
The Dashmi of Jyeshtha Shukla Paksha has been called the face of Samvatsar. Therefore, charity and bathing are of utmost importance on this day. According to the Varaha Purana; on the day of Jyeshtha Shukla Dashami the Ganges came from heaven in the hand constellation to the earth. Bathing in this holy river eliminates ten types of sins.
Ganga Dussehra is celebrated every year on the tenth day of Shukla Paksha of Jyestha month. In 2021, Ganga Dussehra will be celebrated on Sunday, 20 June.
Dashami Tithi Begins - 06:45 PM on Jun 19, 2021
Dashami Tithi Ends - 04:21 PM on Jun 20, 2021
On this day, a bath is taken in the holy river Ganga. If a person is unable to go there; then he can take a bath in a river or pond near his house, meditating on the Ganges. While meditating on Ganga Ji, one should worship Shodashopchar. While worshiping Ganga Ji, the following mantra should be chanted: "Om Namah: Shivaya Narayanaya Dussehraayai Gangayai Namah".
After this mantra, offering five flowers of the mantra "Un Namo Bhagwate Hri Shree Hili Hili Mili Mili Gange Maa Pavay Pavay Swaha", the name of Bhagirathi should be worshiped with a mantra to bring Ganga to earth. Along with this, the place of origin of the Ganga should also be remembered. All things should be of ten types in the worship of Ganga ji. There should be ten types of flowers, ten smells, ten lamps, ten kinds of naivedya, ten betel leaves, ten kinds of fruits.
If a person wants to donate after worship, then he also does ten kinds of things, then it is good, but the donation of barley and sesame should be sixteen fists. Dakshina should also be given to ten Brahmins. When bathing in the River Ganges, then one should take a dip ten times.
After the penance of Bhagirathi, on the day when Ganga Mata comes to earth, Jyeshtha was the tenth day of Shukla Paksha. Worshiping as Ganga Dussehra came to be known on the day of Ganga Mata's descent on the earth. On this day, the person who reads Ganga Stotra while standing in the Ganges river gets freedom from all his sins. In the Skanda Purana, Ganga Stotra named Dussehra is given.
On the day of Ganga Dussehra, the number of things which the devotees should donate should be ten and the number of things with which they worship should also be ten. By doing this, there is more growth in the auspicious fruits.
In ancient times, the king of Ayodhya was Sagara. Maharaja Sagara had sixty thousand sons. Once, Sagar Maharaj thought of performing the Ashwamedha Yagya and the Ashwamedha Yagna Horse. Gave up. King Indra wanted to fail this yagna and he hid Ashwamegh's horse in the ashram of Maharishi Kapil. Sixty thousand sons of Raja Sagar arrived in the ashram looking for this horse and on seeing the horse, the thieves started shouting. This disrupted the penance of Maharishi Kapil and as soon as he opened his eyes, not one of the sixty thousand sons of King Sagara survived. All were burnt to ashes.
King Sagar, followed by Anshuman and then Maharaj Dilip, all three did severe penance for the emancipation of the demons so that they could bring the Ganges to the earth but could not succeed and gave up their lives. The Ganges had to be brought because Agastya Rishi had drunk all the water of the earth and there was no river left for the peace and sacrifice of the ancestors.
Bhagiratha, son of Maharaja Dilip, did austerities to bring Ganga to earth and one day Brahma ji appeared pleased with his penance and asked Bhagiratha to ask for a bride, then Bhagiratha took Ganga Ji with him to the earth. Talked with which he could liberate his sixty thousand ancestors. Brahma Ji said that I will send Ganga with you, but will bear its very rapid velocity? For this you should take shelter of Lord Shiva, he will help you.
Now Bhagiratha does penance for Lord Shiva by standing on one leg. Pleased with the penance of Lord Shiva Bhagiratha, he is ready to stop Gangaji in his jatas. Stop the Ganges in its jata and leave one jata towards the earth. Please give. In this way Bhagiratha is successful in liberating his ancestors from the water of the Ganges.