It is the celebration of the birth of Lord Vishnu when he took the form of a tortoise. This avatar of his is known as Kurma in Sanskrit. It falls in the month of Baisakh on Poornima, the full moon day in the Hindu calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar, this day falls during May-June.
Kurma Jayanti is the celebration of the birth anniversary of God Kurma. As per the Hindu calendar in the year 2021, it falls on Wednesday, 26 May.
Kurma Jayanti Muhurat - 04:26 PM to 04:43 PM
Duration - 00 Hours 17 Mins
Purnima Tithi Begins - 08:29 PM on May 25, 2021
Purnima Tithi Ends - 04:43 PM on May 26, 2021
On this day, a strict fast is observed by devotees where they don’t have a single grain of food. The fast begins from the night before and continues the following day. The observer of this fast does not sleep at all on the night of the fast and stays awake reciting Vedic mantras especially the Vishnu Sahasranaam.
Devotees seek divine blessing for the removal of obstacles from their lives and also seeking prosperity and success. On this day, devotees also visit Vishnu temples in the evening and perform aarti. Devotees also offer donations to brahmins which is considered an important event of the day.
It is believed that on this day Lord Vishnu took the form of Kurma or tortoise and lifted the gigantic Mandaranchal Parbat on his back during the churning of the ocean. Since that day, Kurma Jayanti is celebrated in the honor of Lord Kurma. This is the second avatar of Lord Vishnu among his ten avatars or the Dashavatar.
It is an auspicious festival for the Hindus. During the event of Samudra Manthan or the churning of the ocean, Lord Kurma took the Mandaranchal Parbat on his back and helped in the churning. Without this Kurma avatar, the ocean would not have been churned and the fourteen divine ratnas would not have emerged. Therefore, Kurma Jayanti holds great significance for the Hindus and devotees to express their gratitude in the form of observing fast and offering donations. This day is also considered auspicious for initiating constructions, shifting into a new house, or any other work-related to Vastu. On this day, special pujas and ceremonies are organized in Vishnu temples all across the nation. People worship the Kurma avatar religiously and with full devotion.