Hariyali Teej is one of the prominent Teej festivals in India observed by Hindus. Hariyali Teej Festival is celebrated in a grand scale in almost all the major parts of the country. This year Hariyali Teej Festival will be celebrated on 13 August. Hariyali Teej is an occasion which honours the love and devotion of Goddess Parvati towards Lord Shiva. It is a Teej Festival event to celebrate, commemorate and adorn one’s marriage.
Hariyali Teej Festival is celebrated on the third day or tritiya after the Shukla Paksha (new moon or full moon day) in the holy month of Shravan Maas, which is the fifth month of the Hindu calendar. This Teej Festival is celebrated on the onset of monsoon in India as is therefore,known as Haryali Teej, as monsoon brings greenery everywhere. This Hariyali Teej Festival day is also referred to as Shravani Teej. This Teej Festival holds almost the same significance to women as “Karwa chauth”, as they pray for the health and prosperity of their husbands. Let’s look at the legends behind the celebration of the Hariyali Teej festival.
Legends behind Hariyali Teej Festival:
The word “Teej” literally means “third” and is usually the third day after full moon or new moon night. Therefore, Hariyali Teej festival is celebrated on the advent of monsoons on the third day after the full moon or new moon night.
According to Hindu mythology it is believed that Goddess Parvati was great admirer of Lord Shiva, and had a keen desire to marry him. Goddess Parvati observed fasts and prayed to Lord Shiva for hundred years so that he becomes happy and that he would marry her. She had 108 births to become a form in which Lord Shiva would accept her. Happy from her dedication, Lord Shiva decided to fulfil her wishes and married her on this day of Hariyali Teej festival.
Hence, it is believed that celebrating and worshipping Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati on Hariyali Teej festival will bless a woman with marital bliss, good health of husband and children, and harmony in married life. This auspicious day of Hariyali Teej festival is to celebrate Goddess Parvati and her true dedication towards Lord Shiva.
While Hindu married women celebrate this Teej Festival for the well being of their husbands, the young unmarried girls pray to get a good husband like Lord Shiva. On this Hariyali Teej, the women decorate their houses extensively with flowers and lights; they also apply henna on their hands and wear new clothes and traditional jewellery. They worship the Vat, or banyan tree in the course of Hariyali Teej Festival.
Decorated swings are hung on the trees everywhere in the city and the women take turns to swing on them while they sing Hariyali Teej Festival songs in praise of Goddess Parvati.
They also visit the temple on Hariyali Teej Festival, and offer flowers, fruits, coins, and a special prayer is narrated to the women also known as “Teej Katha”, without which this Teej festival is incomplete. During the puja on Hariyali Teej, a lamp is light throughout as a symbol to their devotion and dedication to the Gods. At the end of the Teej Festival day, they sing praise to Goddess Parvati and wait for their husbands.
A special sweet known as “Ghewar” is also prepared during Hariyali Teej festival. This sweet is only available each year during this time of the Teej festival.
During monsoons in Hariyali Teej festival, an insect, which is the Red velvet mite (Trombidium) also known as “Teej” in Hindi appears from the ground. But there are no evidences if the mite is named after the Teej festival or vice versa.