Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2022 - Thursday, 02 June
482nd Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap Jayanti
According to Hindu Calendar, Maharana Pratap Jayanti is observed on Shukla Paksha Tritiya of Jyeshta month. This festival is a regional public holiday in the northern states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Rajasthan. It marks the birth anniversary of an eminent ruler in the 16th century who stood for the strength of the Mughal Empire.
Maharana Pratap was the great Hindu ruler of Mewar. He was the king of the Sisodia dynasty in Udaipur, Mewar. He was the only heroic person who did not accept the subjection of Mughal Emperor Akbar in any way. He was always engrossed in securing the pride of the Hindu clan. The love for valor and freedom was absorbed in Rana's blood as he was the grandson of Rana Sanga and the son of Uday Singh. The most famous war in the medieval history of Rajasthan was the Battle of Haldighati which took place between the Mughal Emperor Akbar and Maharana Pratap. Akbar and Maharana Pratap's animosity was well known. But despite this, when Akbar got the news of Maharana Pratap's death, he was completely silent and had tears in his eyes. He wholeheartedly admired the qualities of Maharana Pratap.
Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Rajasthan. His father was Maharana Udai Singh II, the ruler of the state of Mewar, whose capital was Chittor. As the eldest of 25 sons, Pratap was the Crown Prince.
In 1567, Chittor was surrounded by formidable forces from the Mughal Empire of Emperor Akbar. Maharana Udai Singh II decided to leave Chittor, and instead of capitulating to the Mughals, shifted west to Gogunda.
Maharana Udai Singh II died in 1572, and after a power struggle with one of his brothers, Pratap Singh became Maharana of Mewar. As such, there are many stories of the life of Maharana Pratap (story of Maharana Pratap) who still inspire people. But these three stories of Pratap are very famous among them
Maharana Pratap was born in the fort of Kumbhalgarh. This fort is on the hill of Aravali, the oldest hill range in the world. The Maharana was brought up by the Kuka caste of Bhils. Bhil loved Rana very much. They were the eyes and ears of Rana. When Akbar's army surrounded Kumbhalgarh, the Bhils fought fiercely and held Akbar's army for three months. Due to an accident, the water source of the fort became dirty. After which Maharana had to leave the fort for a few days and Akbar's army took possession there. But Akbar's army could not stay there for a long time and again Kumbhalgarh became Maharana's authority.
Must have heard about Chetak, the horse of Maharana Pratap, but he also had an elephant. His name was Ramprasad. Al-Badayuni, the elephant who fought in the battle of Haldighati on behalf of the Mughals, has mentioned this in one of his texts. He writes that when Akbar had climbed Maharana Pratap, he had demanded to keep two things captive - Maharana himself and Ramprasad his elephant. The elephant was so intelligent and powerful that he alone killed 13 elephants of Akbar in the battle of Haldighati. To capture that elephant, Akbar's army made a circle of 7 big elephants and placed 14 Mahavat Has on them, and then they could go captive. The elephant was presented to Akbar where Akbar named him Pir Prasad. The Mughals gave sugarcane and water to Ramprasad. But that loyal elephant did not eat nor drink the water of the Mughals for 18 days and he became a martyr. Then Akbar said, - what will I be able to bow to the Maharana Pratap whose elephant I could not bow before me.
In the battle of Haldighati, without any soldier, Rana rode on his mighty Chetak and walked towards the mountain. Two Mughal soldiers were engaged behind them, but Chetak, showing his might, saved Pratap by crossing a mountain flowing drain on the way, which the Mughal soldiers could not cross. This leap made by Chetak became immortal in history, this leap is considered to be unique in world history. Chetak crossed the drain, but now his speed was slowly decreasing, from the back the hearths of the horses of the Mughals were also heard, at the same time, Pratap heard a voice in his mother tongue, 'Neela Ghod Ra Aswar' Pratap Looking back, he saw only one cavalryman and that was his real brother Shaktisinh. Personal differences with Pratap made him a servant of Akbar and he fought on the Mughal side on the battlefield. When he saw the blue horse going towards the mountain without any servant, he too followed him silently, but only to take both the Mughals to Yamlok. For the first time in life, the two brothers have hugged Prem. Meanwhile, Chetak fell near a tamarind tree, from here Shaktisinha sent Pratap on his horse and he himself stayed with Chetak. It is said that Chetak gave up his life. Chetak became lame (khoda), hence the name of the tree also became khadi tamarind. It is said that this stump of the tamarind tree is still present in Haldighati.