Shravan Mangala Gauri Vrat or Mangala Gauri puja is regarded as one of the most rewarding Vrats or fasts. It is performed during the month of Shravan Maas. It is an important Vrat observed by married and unmarried women in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and a few communities of Maharashtra. This vrat is performed for a long life of husband and a happy married life. It is observed on Tuesdays or Shravan Mangalwar during the Shravan Maas (the month of July-August).
This puja is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Parvati or Gouri, with the intent that Goddess Gauri will bless the household with prosperity, good health, and marital bliss. This vrat is performed by women during the first five years of marriage.
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Mangala Gauri Vrat Dates for Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Bihar
Mangala Gauri Vrat Dates for Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu
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The procedure for Mangala Gauri Vrat varies from region to region. Here are the things required to perform the puja:
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Mangala Gauri avahan, Ganpati avahan mantra, Avahan mantra for all Gods and Goddess, Story and Aarti of Goddess Gauri, dhyaan, pushpanjali, and homam are performed in sequence. Special puja dedicated to Goddess Parvati is performed on Shravan Mangalwar and women dress up in traditional attire complete with mangalsutra, bangles, vermilion or sindoor, and flowers. This symbolic to staying a married women for their entire lives. The puja is done to ask for Goddess Parvati's blessings for a good married life, and a prosperous household.
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The story goes: A very long time ago, there lived a merchant named Dharampal. He was very wealthy and had a beautiful wife. But they were very unhappy as they didn't have any children. By a lot of puja and the grace of God, his wife gave birth to a son, but he was short-lived as he was cursed to die of snake bite by the time he turned 16. He was married before he turned 16 and was fortunately saved by his wife whose mother observed the Mangala Gauri Vrat. The girl's mother, because of her vrat, was blessed by a daughter who would never face widowhood. Hence, Dharampal's son was saved and got a life of 100 years. Thus, all women observe this puja for a long and healthy life of husband.