Vasant Panchami is celebrated on the eve of
the birthday of Goddess Saraswati. It has many mythological stories related to its
celebration. It is believed that on this day Goddess
Saraswati was born. The story of Saraswati puja is related to ‘Brahma Vaivarta
Purana’ and ‘Matsya Purana’.
Legends of Goddess Saraswati
A popular folklore that’s associated with the
festival is that of the legendary poet Kalidasa. As per the story, Kalidasa was
a simpleton and was tricked into marrying a princess who didn’t respect him. A
dejected Kalidasa tried to take his life but just before he could commit
suicide, the goddess Saraswati appeared in front of him and asked him to take a
dip in the river. The man did as he was told, and emerged from the water an
intelligent, knowledgeable and cultured person, who would eventually become a
renowned poet. Which is why on this day, the goddess is worshipped so that she
may bestow the gift of knowledge to her devotees.
Saraswati plays the veena, the symbol of
divine music, holds the book of inner knowledge and the mala as the power of
mantra. She has a charming human form, diversely portrayed in painting and
sculpture throughout the centuries. She rides the swan of elegant movements, or
There are numerous stories which people believe
depending on their region.
Most widely accepted mythology of Saraswati Puja:
evolved from the mouth of Lord Brahma on this particular day. So much so was
her beauty and elegance that Brahma himself fell for her. To know this
interesting mythological story in detail you can refer the article. “Brahma’sHead Chopped Off – Who Is The Girl Behind?“
Western India region people believe: She is
believed to be the daughter of Lord Surya and hence is known as ‘Surya Kanya’.
She is also said to be married to Kartikeya and is related with lions and
Eastern India region people believe: She is
said to be the daughter of Goddess Parvati. People say that she was one of the
three wives of Lord Vishnu – Saraswati, Ganga, and Lakshmi.
Start Of 40 Days Before Holi
It is believed that this is the day when
Goddess Rati went into severe penance for a duration of 40 days after Lord
Shiva turned her husband Kamadeva into ashes. Her penance brought colors later
and hence her husband was revived from the curse. On the day of BasantPanchami, Shiva finally relented and brought Kamdeva back to life. Which is why
Kamadeva, the god of love and desire, is worshipped along with his wife Rati on
The Source Of Life Of The Aryans
Yet another legend elucidates the observation
of this festival since the Aryan era. It is believed that the Aryans travelled
through Khyber Pass and crossed the Saraswati River to reach India. When they
settled in, the Saraswati River became an important source of life for them, so
the celebration became a routine.
Celebration Of Start Of Spring
The start of spring is felt in the air on this
day, especially in the North where the advent of chilly winters is suddenly
taken over by the spring. The new leaves and blossoms appear in the trees
Celebration Of Harvest
People belonging to the Uttarakhand region
worship the mother earth and crops as well along with Goddess Saraswati. People
worship by placing cow dung heaps in the fields, and keep ears of barley and
wheat on the heaps. Earthen lamps and incense are lit on the heap to signify
worship to the mother god and the crops or agriculture. Ears of corn and barley
are also tied to doors and windows of buildings. People eat sweet rice and wear
Festival Of Kites
the region of Punjab people celebrate the flying of kites on a large scale in
this day. You will see the sky looking beautiful with different colors of
kites. Tourism is also attracted on this day from elsewhere.