Nagula chavithi 2019

Nagula Chavithi is an Hindu festival dedicated to Nag Devatas (Serpent Gods). It is observed on the fourth day after Diwali during shukla paksha Chaturthi of Kartik month. Venerating Snake God brings in prosperity and happiness for the whole year. Nagula Chavithi is also known as Naga Chaturthi. This is a major festival in Andhra Pradesh and some parts of Karnataka and Tamilnadu. In 2019, Nagula Chavithi falls on Thursday, 31 October.


On the day of Nag Chaturthi, worshiping Nag Devta is considered auspicious and profitable in every aspect. Nagula Chavithi is observed by married women for their well-being of their children. During the this festival; women keep fast and observe Naga Puja. Devotees offer milk and dry fruits to Sarpa Devata at the Valmeekam or Putta (snake pits).

Adishesh (Sheshnag) and Vasuki are said to be major deities among all the serpents and snakes. Although there are several serpent Gods, following twelve are worshiped during Nagula Chavithi Puja – Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, Padma, Kambala, Karkotaka, Ashvatara, Dhritarashtra, Shankhapala, Kaliya, Takshaka and Pingala.

Mythology behind Nagula Chavithi

In the Kshir Sagar, the Adishesh Nag is found above the Lord Vishnu. And its younger brother 'Vasuki' is surrounded around Lord Shiva's throat. Vasuki became the masonry rope at the time of the sea churning (samundra-manthan). Thus, he was also an invaluable contributor to the sea churning. All human beings are grateful for this contribution of Nag Vasuki for the welfare of the creation. On this day Lord Shiva drank the toxic poison-halalala from the sea churning to save the whole universe. Therefore Nag Chaturthi, Nagula Chavithi, Nag Panchami and Nag Shashti are observed to express their gratitude and respect towards Nag Gods.

How to perform Nagula chavithi


The rituals and puja procedures are different from place to place. Some people place Naga devatha idol at home and perform puja. But in some places, devotees go to 'Putta' (Snake pit) and offer naivedyam and perform other pujas there. Here some basic rituals for your nag chavithi puja;

- Nagula Chavithi is chiefly celebrated by the Hindu women.
- Women keep a strict fast on this propitious day and revere snake god by conducting Naga Devta Puja.
- They perform a set of rituals for the long life and good health of their children.
- Waking up early in the morning is considered divine and pious.
- Prior to worship, devotees take a holy bath from head to toe.
- Tamil Women also prepare sweetmeats such as- sesame and jiggery laddu, vadapappu and chalimidi for Naivedyam sacrament.
- Worshippers visit Serpent gods’ temples including snake pit.
- Venerate Nag Devta with puja samigiri including- milk, fruits, sugar, gangajal, dry fruits, vermillion, rice, coconut, incense stick and flowers to the deity in the temple.
- Decorate the Snake idol with different items before offering these devout things.
- Light a deepam in front of the deity inside the main sanctum and perform aarti.
- Offer bhoga and prasadam at the ends.
- Also perform pradakshinas around the snake idol (pit) for at least 5 times.

Nagula Chavithi Puja Mantra

Starting Nag Puja

Anantham Vasukim Sesham Padmanabham Cha Kambalam;
Shankhaphalam Dhartharashtram Thakshakam Kaliyam Thatha.
Ethani Nava Namani Naganaam Cha Mahatmanam;
Sayamkale Pathennityam Pratah Kale Viseshatha;
Thasmai Vishabhayam Naasthi Sarvatra Vijayee Bhaveth.

During Nag Puja

Sarva Naagam Preeyatham May Ye Kechith Pruthwithale;
Ye Cha Helimarichistha Yenarthe Divi Samsthitha.
Ye Nadeeshu Mahanaaga Ye Saraswati Gaamina;
Ye Cha Vaapee Thadaageshu Theshu Sarveshu Vai Namah.

Nag Gayatri Mantra

Om Nagakulaya Vidmahe Vishadantaya Dheemahi Thanno Sarpa Prachodayath.

You may like: Naga Panchami

Comments

  • 31/10/2019

    Mantras OR Naamams to be chanted are not detailed. I understand some 8 or 9 specific mantras are to b chanted on this eve.

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