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According to Hindu beliefs, Goddess Durga needs a medium to invoke the spirit. And, the living mediums are a source through which the devotees can interact with the Gods and Goddesses. The ritual of Navapatrika Puja or Navapatrika Puja is also widely popular as Maha Saptami and it is known as the first day of the Durga Puja festival. There is a law to worship Nava Patrika on this day. Nava Patrika is also known as Kalabau Puja.
In Bengal, Assam, and Odisha regions, nine types of leaves are mixed and Durga Puja is performed. Nine leaves are used in Navapatrika Puja, in which the leaf of each tree is considered to be a different form of the goddess. Those nine leaves are Banana, Kachvi, Turmeric, Pomegranate, Ashoka, Bead, Paddy, Bilva, and Barley. In the year 2021, Navapatrika Puja falls on Tuesday, October 12.
Saptami starts on October 11, 2021 from 23:52:30
Saptami ends on October 12, 2021 at 21:49:38
In Navapatrika Puja, the leaves of branches of all the nine plants are collected and all these plants should be tied together. They are then draped with an orange or red colored saree in an artistic manner. It is then kept aside for worship.
- Devotees wake up early in the morning and take bath.
- After this, the Navapatrika is taken to the nearby river.
- The mirror image of Goddess Durga is bathed for Mahasnan.
- After taking Mahasnan, Goddess Durga is sanctified by the installation of Nava Patrika which is also known as Kolabo.
- Once all the decorations are completed, it is placed on the right side of the goddess.
- After the completion of Pran Pratishtha, a proper ghat is set up in front of the idol of Goddess Durga.
- This is followed by Shodashopachara Puja.
- Devotees light ghee lamps and then worship with flowers and incense sticks while reciting holy mantras.
- Bhog is offered to the goddess along with aarti, and the puja is completed.
The nine leaves are bathed before sunrise with the water of a holy river, which is called Mahasnana. After this, Nava Patrika is kept in the puja pandal. This worship is also called 'Kolabou Puja'. is. On this day, farmers also worship Nava Patrika. It is believed that worshiping Nava Patrika leads to a good harvest. Nava Patrika is also considered the wife of Lord Ganesha. Hence it is kept on the right side of the idol of Lord Ganesha at the time of worship.