Navratri a famous festival of the Indians is all about the nine types of incarnation Goddess Durga had acquired. Shailputri is the first form of NavDurga and is also known as Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati. She is known to be the earthly essense. So, navratri day 1 is dedicated to Maa Shailputri Puja. This year chaitra navratri starts from 6th April, Saturday.
She is the major and the absolute form of the Goddess since she was the wife to Lord Shiva and is known as Parvati. She took birth as the daughter of Lord Himalaya due to which she is named as Shailputri – the daughter of mountains. Her deity has a half moon in her forehead and holds a trident in her right hand & lotus flower in her left hand. The Goddess can be seen seated on mount Nandi (bull).
The embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, she rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her two hands. In previous birth, she was daughter of Daksha, Sati. Once Daksha had organized a big Yagna and did not invite Shiva. But Sati being obstinate, reached there. Thereupon Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati could not tolerate the insult of husband and burnt herself in the fire of Yagna. In other birth, she became the daughter of Himalaya in the name of Parvati - Hemavati and got married with Shiva. As per Upanishad, she had torn and the egotism of Indra, etc. Devtas. Being ashamed they bowed and prayed that, "In fact, thou are Shakti, we all - Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are capable by getting Shakti from you."
It is believed that the Moon, the provider of all fortunes, is governed by Goddess Shailputri and any bad effect of the Moon can be overcome by worshipping her. Shailaputri is the essence of the earthly existence. Her abode is in the Muladhara Chakra. The divine Energy is latent in every human being. It is to be realized. Its color is crimson. The Tattva (element) is Earth, with the Guna (quality) of coherence, and with the Bheda (distinct) characteristics of Ghraana(the smell).
Auspicious Time: This puja is conducted in the Pratipada Tithi just after the Ghatasthapana.
Know More about Navratri Puja : Navratri Rituals
The puja begins with Ghatasthapana, a ritual that symbolizes women power. The Ghatasthapana puja is done by using puja items that are considered holy and symbolic. A shallow pan like utensil made of clay is used as base. Three layers of mud and Sapta Dhanya/Navadhanya seeds are then scattered in the pan. After that little bit of water is needed to be sprinkled so that seeds get enough moisture. Then, a Kalasha is filled with Ganga jal. Supari, a few coins, Akshat (raw rice mixed with turmeric powder) and Durva grass are put in water. After this, five leaves of the mango tree are put around the neck of the Kalash, which is then covered by placing a coconut.
1. Atma Pooja: Puja done for self-purification
2. Tilak and aachman: Put tilak on forehead and drink holy water from palms.
3. Sankalpa: Taking water in hand and making a wish in front of the Goddess.
4. Aavahana and Aasan, Offer flowers
5. Paadhya: Offer water to the Devi’s charan.
6. Aachman: Offer kapoor (camphor) mixed water.
7. Dugdha Snan: Offer cow milk for bathing
8. Ghrita and Madhusnan: Offer ghee and honey for bathing
9. Sharkara and Panchamritsnan: Offer sugar and the panchaamrita bathing.
10. Vastra: Offer sari or cloth to wear.
11. Chandan: Put Sandalwood tilak on the deity.
12. Kumkum, Kajal, Druvapatra and Bilwapatra
13. Dhoopa and Deepam
Om Devi Shailputryai Swaha (108 recitation)
Vande Vanchhitalabhaya Chandrardhakritashekharam,
Vrisharudham Shuladharam Shailaputrim Yashasvinim.
Punendu Nibham Gauri Muladhara Sthitam Prathama Durga Trinetram,
Patambara Paridhanam Ratnakirita Namalankara Bhushita.
Praphulla Vandana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Tugam Kucham,
Kamaniyam Lavanyam Snemukhi Kshinamadhyam Nitambanim.
Prathama Durga Tvamhi Bhavasagarah Taranim,
Dhana Aishwarya Dayini Shailaputri Pranamamyaham.
Trilojanani Tvamhi Paramananda Pradiyaman,
Saubhagyarogya Dayini Shailaputri Pranamamyaham.
Charachareshwari Tvamhi Mahamoha Vinashinim,
Mukti Bhukti Dayinim Shailaputri Pranamamyaham.
Omkarah Mein Shirah Patu Muladhara Nivasini,
Himkarah Patu Lalate Bijarupa Maheshwari.
Shrimkara Patu Vadane Lavanya Maheshwari,
Humkara Patu Hridayam Tarini Shakti Swaghrita.
Phatkara Patu SarvangeSarva Siddhi Phalaprada.