Navratri puja vidhi and rituals are considered to be very auspicious as they bring in the most powerful blessings of Goddess Durga. It is a very sacred observation of 9 days where the 9 forms of the Goddess Durga are worshiped. In this busy schedule, you can perform all the basic requirements of Navratri by yourself at your home. The step by step puja procedure and an elaborate list of the Puja samagri are given below.
- Picture or Idol of Goddess Durga
- Durga Sapthashati book
- A red dupatta or sari
- Water in Kalash, Mango leaves, and coconut
- Fresh grass and flowers
- Roli, red sacred powder for tilak
- Cloves, cardamom, sindoor, abhir, gulal
- Betel nuts
- Dhoop, diya, kapoor and matchsticks
- Fresh fruits and sweets
On the 1st day of Navratri, take a large earthen pot with a wide mouth, put some sand in it and plant either jaun or wheat kernels which have been soaked the previous night. Every day a little water is sprinkled over them and they are put in sunlight for a short time for germination.
Ghatasthapana: Place the Durga idol in a chowki and near it keep the clay pot with sown barley. Consider doing Ghatasthapana during the Muhurat
Ghatasthapana Muhurta = 06:16 AM to 07:40 AM; Duration - 01 Hour 24 Mins
Establish the Kalash: Pour water in a Kalash and then put flowers, coins and five mango leaves in it. Close it with the lid and put raw rice on top of it and then place a raw coconut wrapped in red cloth. The Ghata Sthapana is done now.
Worship the Goddess: First lit a diya in front of the idols. Do worship of Kalash or Ghat with Panchopchar. Panchopchar means worship of the deity with five things, i.e. Scent, Flower, Dhoop, Deepak, and Naivedya. Offer these five things to deities present in Ghat.
Chowki Sthapana: You need to install and invoke Goddess Durga. For this, spread the red cloth on chowki. Tie Moli around it. Now place idol or picture of Goddess Durga on the chowki.
Durga Puja: Chant the necessary prayers and invoke Goddess Durga to come and enlighten your home. People pray the Goddess to establish her for 9 days at their homes. Rituals are done in the usual puja procedure like offering flowers, chandan, sindoor, bhog, diya and much more. Panchopchar is also a part of it where you need to offer five things to the Goddess.
Aarti Of Durga Mata: Take Puja ki Thali and bell in hand. Sing the aarti with jingle the bell. After you complete durga aarti, give aarti first to Goddess Durga, Ghat (Kalash) and deities present in Ghat. At evening (sandhya) repeat the durga aarti again. This is done for all the 9 days. Many people keep fast for all the 9 days and some for the first and last day.
Inviting 9 Goddesses for offerings: On 9th day of Navratri, people prepare delicious food for 9 girls of age between 5-12, who are invited as Goddesses. This ritual is known as Kanya puja. After the lunch, they are offered gifts as well.
Ghat visarjan on Navratri: After the nine days puja is over, the visarjan or conclusion is done on the tenth day. On the tenth day, clean yourself and be seated in the puja place. Take some flowers and raw rice in your hands and chant the following prayer: “Oh, respected and beloved gods, we thank you for accepting our humble invitation to visit our home, stay over the nine days and bless the puja. We dedicate the nine days puja to you with full devotion and love. Now you may please leave for your divine abodes and visit us when we pray you again.” Offer the flowers and raw rice to the deities. Slightly move the ghat as a mark of conclusion.
Thank Maa Durga: Now follow the same procedure to thank Maa Durga for visiting your home and accepting the puja using the same format of the mantra given above. Remove the picture or idol of Maa Durga from the altar and place it back in the original permanent place.
Navratri Day 1: On this day the rituals performed are Ghatasthapana, Chandra Darshan and Shilputri Puja.
Navratri Day 2: the rituals of the day are Sindhara Dooj and Brahmacharini Puja.
Navratri Day 3: This day is celebrated as Gauri Teej or Sauhagya Teej and the main ritual of the day is Chandraghanta Puja.
Navratri Day 4: Also known as Varad Vinayaka Chauth, on this day the devotees observe the Kushmanda Puja.
Navratri Day 5: This day is also referred as Lakshmi Panchami and main puja observed on this day are Naag Puja and Skandamata Puja.
Navratri Day 6: It is known as Yamuna Chath or Skanda Sasthi and puja observed is Katyayani Puja.
Navratri Day 7: This day is celebrated as Maha Saptami and the Kalratri Puja is performed to invoke the blessings of the Goddess.
Navratri Day 8: It is the main day of Durga Ashtami and is also called as Annapurna Ashtami. On this day Mahagauri Puja and Sandhi Puja are performed.
Navratri Day 9: The last day of the Navratri festivity is observed as Rama Navami (on Chaitra Navratri) and on this day the Siddhidatri Puja is also performed.
Navratri puja is a simple but highly significant and beneficial puja to be performed by the households with devotion year on year. You can do the puja in the same manner for Shard Navratri as well as Chaitra Navratri. Households doing the puja sincerely will be blessed with abundance, wealth, health, happiness and peace.