Pradosh vrat is one of the auspicious fasts dedicated to Lord Shiva and Maa Parvati. It is also known as Pradosham and marks a major sacred observation by the devotees of Lord Shiva. Pradosh vrat is observed during the Pradosh period (Sandhya Kala) on Trayodashi tithi (13th day) of both lunar fortnights. The auspicious Pradosh period is 3 hour period (1.5 hours before and after the sunset); which is one of the optimum times for the worship of Shiva.
It is believed that Lord Shiva is extremely happy during this period and blesses all his devotees and fulfills their wishes during the Pradosh period on Trayodashi day. Shiva devotees perform Pradosh for attaining moksha and fulfilling their dreams.
Pradosh vrat falls twice in a Hindu month. The Maha Pradosham is the most auspicious of all Pradosh vrat dates in a year; which falls on Krishna Paksha Trayodashi of Magha month - one day before Mahashivratri. Here are all dates of Pradosh vrat 2021.
|Pradosh vrat is observed during the Pradosh period(Sandhya Kala) on Trayodashi tithi of both lunar fortnights.|
|Observances||Puja, Fasting, Night-awakening, donations, and prayers|
|Pradosh Vrat 2021 Dates|
|Ravi Pradosh Vrat||Sunday, 10 January|
|Mangal Pradosh Vrat||Tuesday, 26 January|
|Mangal Pradosh Vrat||Tuesday, 09 February|
|Budh Pradosh Vrat||Wednesday, 24 February|
|Budh Pradosh Vrat||Wednesday, 10 March|
|Shukra Pradosh Vrat||Friday, 26 March|
|Shukra Pradosh Vrat||Friday, 9 April|
|Shani Pradosh Vrat||Saturday, 24 April|
|Shani Pradosh Vrat||Saturday, 8 May|
|Som Pradosh Vrat||Monday, 24 May|
|Som Pradosh Vrat||Monday, 7 June|
|Mangal Pradosh Vrat||Tuesday, 22 June|
|Budh Pradosh Vrat||Wednesday, 7 July|
|Budh Pradosh Vrat||Wednesday, 21 July|
|Guru Pradosh Vrat||Thursday, 5 August|
|Shukra Pradosh Vrat||Friday, 20 August|
|Shani Pradosh Vrat||Saturday, 4 September|
|Shani Pradosh Vrat||Saturday, 18 September|
|Som Pradosh Vrat||Monday, 4 October|
|Ravi Pradosh Vrat||Sunday, 17 October|
|Mangal Pradosh Vrat||Tuesday, 2 November|
|Mangal Pradosh Vrat||Tuesday, 16 November|
|Guru Pradosh Vrat||Thursday, 2 December|
|Guru Pradosh Vrat||Thursday, 16 December|
|Shukra Pradosh Vrat||Friday, 31 December|
1. Nitya Pradosh – This vrat is observed every evening between the periods of sunset, till all the stars are visible in the sky.
2. Paksha Pradosh – This vrat is observed every fourth day after Amavasya.
3. Maasa Pradosh – This vrat is observed twice a month. Sandhya Krishna Paksha Trayodashi (13th Lunar day after Full Moon) every month.
4. Maha Pradosh – Sandhya time of Krishna Paksha Trayodashi which falls on a Saturday.
5. Pralaya Pradosh – The time when the entire universe gets annihilated or merged with Lord Shiva. It is observed on every 13th Lunar day after full and new Moon, by the wife and husband jointly with the hope of being free from, miseries or for gaining material prosperity.
Pradosh Vrat that falls on a Monday is called Som Pradosham. The one that falls on a Tuesday is called Bhauma Pradosham and when it falls on a Saturday, it is called Shani Pradosham. Depending on the day of the week, Pradosh Vrat is categorized into seven types namely:
- Bhanu Pradosham (Ravi Pradosh vrat)
- Som Pradosham (Som Pradosh vrat)
- Bhaum Pradosham (Mangal Pradosh Vrat)
- Saumya vara Pradosham (Budh Pradosh Vrat)
- Guru vara Pradosham (Guru Pradosh Vrat)
- Bhrigu vara Pradosham (Shukra Pradosh Vrat)
- Shani Pradosham (Shani Pradosh Vrat)
The Skanda Purana has mentioned the appropriate way to observe Pradosh Vrat. There are two ways you can observe this auspicious vrat
- Observe a 24-hour fast which includes not sleeping during the night.
- Another method is fasting from sunrise till sunset and after Shiva puja, in the evening the fast is broken.
Pradosh Vrat is a very auspicious muhurat and it would be great for you and your life if you follow it with all your devotion and dedication.
1. One day before Pradosh vrat, Lord Ganesha should be worshiped by God duly in the shodashopchar method and awaken all night with the hymns of Shiva-Parvati and Lord Ganesha.
2. Before sunrise, one should get rid of the routine sequences and household chores. One should concentrate at the time of worship and revere Lord Shiva, Ganesha, Goddess Parvati, Kartika, and Nandi.
3. An hour before sunset during the evening is to be dedicated to Lord Shiva by chanting Mantras and prayers. On the third prahar, Lord Shiva should be worshipped with various flowers, Lal Chandan, Havan, and Panchamrata.
4. The Shivling is bathed with water and Bilva leaves are offered. Goddess Parvati, Ganesha, Kartik, and Nandi also need to be worshiped.
5. The sunset time is considered auspicious for venerating Pradosh Vrat Puja. Make a pavilion with colorful rangoli and clothes at the place of worship.
6. A Kalasha filled with water is established with a coconut and mango leaf and is worshiped as Lord Shiva. The Kalasha filled with water is covered with darbha grass and a lotus is drawn on the pot.
7. After this the water used in the puja ceremony is given as ‘Prasad’ along with sacred ash. The ash is applied to the forehead.
8. Lighting a lamp is a must during prayers as it is believed to purify the surroundings.
9. Chanting the mantra AUM NAMAH SHIVAYA (Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra) 108 times during this period is said to bring in a lot of auspiciousness and benefits.
10. Awake the whole night with the hymns of Shiva-Parvati and Ganesha.
11. Listen to Pradsoh Vrat Katha and Shiva Purana in accordance with the day on which Pradosh Vrat is fallen.
12. To conclude with the ceremonies, a piece of cloth, a portrait for Lord Shiva, and some other gifts are offered to a Brahmin.
The Puranas have mentioned this very interesting Katha of Pradosh Vrat which is associated with the Samudra Manthan advised by Lord Vishnu. The very famous Amrit – which had the capacity to make anybody live forever was extracted from the sea by churning it. The Devtas and Asuras were involved in the churning which produced the Amrit along with a very powerful poison that had the capacity to destroy the entire universe.
This poison had to be destroyed but nobody got a solution for the same. In the end, Lord Shiva came to rescue and he drank the poison Halahala. This made him shout with pain in his throat. To cool down the effect of the poison, Goddess Parvati placed her hands on the throat of Lord Shiva and released him from the suffering. The Devas and Asuras thanked Lord Shiva on Trayodashi tithi. Pleased with the devotion, Lord Shiva is believed to have danced between the horns of Nandi – the bull. The time when Shiva was extremely happy was the Pradosham period or the twilight time of the Trayodashi tithi. Since then that day, Pradosh vrat is observed on Trayodashi tithi by devotees to get the blessing of Lord Shiva.
Observing Pradosh Vrat with utmost dedication; Lord Shiva removes all the sins from life and helps to attain Moksha. The benefits of Pradosh Vrat are different and vary according to the days. The Shani and Som Pradosham hold special importance on all the Pradosh days.
Ravi Pradosh Vrat: Fasting on Sunday brings good health, fame, honor, and a long lifespan.
Som Pradosh Vrat: Fasting on Monday helps to fulfill all wishes and bring peace into the house.
Mangal Pradosh Vrat: Fasting on Tuesday gives relief from health problems and debt.
Budh Pradosh Vrat: By keeping Pradosh vrat on Wednesday brings happiness and fulfills all kinds of desires.
Guru Pradosh Vrat: By keeping fast on Thursday, helps to win over enemies and bring success, wisdom, and good health.
Shukra Pradosh Vrat: Keeping a fast on Friday is very helpful for marriage. It also brings luck and luxury in life.
Shani Pradosh Vrat: Fasting on Saturday helps to get relief from Shani dosh and also the blessing of newborns.