Puja Vidhi and Rituals of Pongal Festival

In 2018, the Pongal dates are from January 13th to January 16th. Out of the four days Thai Pongal carries major significance which would be on 14th January. Below mentioned are the Puja vidhi and rituals people follow to celebrate the four days festival of Pongal.


  • Throughout the celebration people put Kumkum and turmeric dots.
  • They discard their old clothes and even burn the garbage of the home.
  • The puja house is decorated very nicely.
  • People keep clay pots or stove for cooking the next time. Tie the manjal kothu around the pot.Draw three lines  with wet viboodhi and keep a kumkum dot on the pot.
  •  Certain dishes like suzhiyan, adhirasam & obbattu are prepared.
  •  Beautiful and traditional rangolis are put all around the house.
  •  On the major days of Pongal people wake up at early morning 4am because they are supposed to do the pooja   during sunrise at around 6am. They take head bath.
  •  The first day marks the 'Bhogi Pongal'- It is meant for cleaning and decorating the house.
  •  The second day is known as 'Thai Pongal'- It is the day when new rice is harvested and it is prepared. This is   when the Sun God is worshipped. This day corresponds with Makar Sankranti, the winter harvest festival   celebrated throughout India, which marks the start of the sun’s six month journey north and warmer   weather.   People also gather in their homes to cook the Pongal dish. It's The second day is known as 'Thai Pongal'- It is   the day when new rice is harvested and it is   prepared. This is when the Sun God is worshipped.This day   corresponds with Makar Sankranti, the winter harvest festival celebrated throughout India, which marks the     start of the sun’s six month journey north and warmer weather. People also gather in their homes to cook the   Pongal dish. It's offered to the Sun God during prayers,   and later served for lunch.

  • The third day is known as 'Maatu Pongal'- It is completely dedicated to the cattle that are represented by a cow. It is customary to clean and worship the cows on   this day.
  • The final day (fourth day) is known as 'Kaanum Pongal'- It is meant for family gatherings. On this day birds are worshiped. Balls of cooked rice are prepared and   left out for birds to eat. People also thank family and friends for their support during the harvest.
  • Devotees offer all the dishes in 9 leaves. But in general, they spread 5 leaves for the Sun God. In those 5 leaves they keep sweet pongal,vella pongal,Pongal   sambar,kootu in little quantities.
  • Light two lamps in front of the banana leaves. Spread a banana leaf and keep all the seasonal vegetables like sweet potato,   pumpkin, yam, arbi, Panag kizhangu. Keep sugar cane pieces, banana, betel leaves & nuts. Break a coconut and keep it. Now do the puja and mangala harathi. Finish the   puja. After the puja, a glass of milk sweetened with jiggery is distributed which is known as “siruveetu paal”.


Pongal is all about rice!


The most important part of the Pongal festival is cooking the Pongal dish which is a sweet version of pongal called Sakkarai pongal and it is made with rice mixed with moong dal and cooked with ghee, cashew nuts, raisins adding jiggery. A spicy pongal called Ven pongal/Ghee pongal are also prepared adding lots of ghee and spices like pepper & cumin. Traditionally, pongal is cooked in clay pots, on stoves made with stones and wood used as fuel. When it starts to boil over, everyone shouts out "pongalo pongal". Without this Pongal is never celebrated.


History and Mythology of Pongal

Types of Pongal

The Famous Jallikattu Festival

Pongal Recipes   

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