The birth anniversary of great Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated as Shivaji Jayanti. Every year Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated on February 19 with much fervor and enthusiasm in the entire state of Maharashtra. It is a public holiday for the people of Maharashtra. On February 19, 1630, in Shivneri Fort, Shivaji Maharaj was born.
Shivaji Jayanti falls on 19 February every year. In the year 2021, the 391 Birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji observes and Shivaji Jayanti is very popular in the state of Maharashtra.
On this day, people dress up as Shivaji and his associates and take out several processions. It is declared a holiday in the entire state of Maharashtra as this day is celebrated with great pomp and fervor. Even in Goa and Karnataka, Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated. People enact dramas on the life of Shivaji Maharaj. Speeches are given by prominent government officials on this day.
Shivaji Maharaj carved out an entire territory from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur. This became the start of the Maratha empire. He was, therefore, considered the greatest Maratha ruler. Shivaji Maharaj seized the Toma fort at the young age of 16, and by the age of 17 he seized the Raigad and Kondana forts and his coronation took place in 1674.
He was the one whose efforts united the Maratha chiefs of Mayal, Konkan, and Desh regions. He is not only a hero for the people of Maharashtra but also a hero for the rest of India.
In Indian History, his military prowess and guerilla tactics of warfare are considered very important. The Shivaji Jayanti was first started in Pune in 1870 by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule. He had discovered the tomb of Shivaji Maharaj on Raigad. Phule was the first person who wrote the longest Ballad on Shivaji Maharaj’s life.
Shivaji Jayanti had a very important role to play in India’s freedom struggle. This occasion was used by Bal Gangadhar Tilak to unite people during British oppression. And even today this Jayanti is celebrated with much fanfare. Shivaji Maharaj created an advanced and well-structured civil administration system. In court and administration, he also promoted the use of Marathi and Sanskrit rather than using Persian. Persian was mostly used in courts in those times.