The auspicious day of Makar Sankranti will fall on Friday, 14 January 2022. According to the Hindu calendar, there are a total of 12 Sankranti in a year. These dates are considered to be extremely auspicious for Hindu traditions. Sankranti occurs when the Sun moves from one Zodiac into another. Makar Sankranti is considered to be one of the most important of all. It is known that on the auspicious day of Makar Sankranti, the Sun enters the sphere of Capricorn Zodiac which is also known as ‘Makar’. According to the solar calendar, it measures the day and night to be of equal duration on this day. From this day onwards, the days become longer and warmer.
According to a legend Sankranti which is considered to be a deity had once killed a demon named Sankarasur. This festival is quite a popular Indian festival and is celebrated in many parts of the country as well as all over the world. In many places, it is also considered to be a harvest festival. In certain regions, this festival is known by other names such as in Tamil Nadu the festival is known as Pongal, in Assam as Bhogali Bihu, in Punjab as Lohri, in Gujarat and Rajasthan as Uttararayan. Outside India, the festival is given due importance in countries like Nepal where it is celebrated as Maghe Sankranti or Maghi, in Thailand where it is named Songkran, and Myanmar where it is called Thingyan.
The festival is considered to be the day when all the auspicious ritualistic ceremonies can be solemnized in any Hindu family. The intellectual predictors and Sadhus say this day to be the holy phase of transition where any task or function will be fruitful.