Teej is celebrated to memorialize the union of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. On the festival of Teej, married women observe fasts and pray to Goddess Parvati. They fast for a long and healthy life of their husbands. Unmarried women fast to get a husband like Lord Shiva. Teej is mainly celebrated in the northern and western parts of India.
Teej 2020 Dates
- Hariyali Teej Thursday, 23 Jul 2020
Tritiya Tithi Begins - 07:22 Pm on 22 Jul 2020; Tritiya Tithi Ends - 05:03 Pm 23 Jul 2020
- Kajari Teej Thursday, 06 Aug 2020
Tritiya Tithi Begins - 10:50 Pm on 05 Aug 2020; Tritiya Tithi Ends - 12:14 Am on 07 Aug 2020
- Hartalika Teej Friday, 21 Aug 2020
Tritiya Tithi Begins - 02:13 Am on 21 Aug 2020; Tritiya Tithi Ends - 11:02 Pm 21 Aug 2020
Types of Teej Festival
Teej festivals are traditionally observed by women to celebrate the monsoons, on the third day of Shravan maas and on the third day of the waning and waxing moon of the Indian month of Bhadrapada. Women also pray to goddess Parvati seeking the wellness of their husband, children and their own self. The types of Teej are
- Haryali Teej: This festival is celebrated in the beginning of monsoon. As “Haryali” means “greenery” in Hindi, this festival celebrates the greenery, good harvest and prosperity. Women usually wear green clothes on this day and worship the moon, Goddess Radha and Lord Krishna.
- Kajari Teej: This is on the third day of the Shravan month. Women sing devotional songs and worship the neem tree on this day.
- Hartalika Teej: It lasts three days. Women observe fasts for the entire three days, the second day being the one without water or Nirjara. This is observed for the long life of their husbands. Hartalika Teej this is the most important one out of the three.
Haryali Teej - A day for Greenery
Haryali Teej, as per the Hindu calendar, is celebrated on the 3rd day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) in the Shravan maas. Hariyali Teej is also called Singhara Teej. The Hindi word “Hariyali” means “greenery” since this time is monsoon time in India, the earth gets draped in greenery after the season of summer.
The rituals of Hariyali Teej
are highly significant to newly married women. These women visit their maternal homes and are gifted with Shringar items like Bindi (forehead accessory), Sindoor (vermilion), bangles, Mehendi (henna), etc. Also, jewelry and clothes are gifted to the mother-in-law of the women by their by her parents.
On the Teej day, married women worship Goddess Parvati. Special fairs, dances, swings, and folk songs are performed on the day of the festival. Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and northern parts of India are some of the places where Hariyali Teej
is celebrated on a large scale.
Kajari Teej - A day for rejuvenating love
Kajari Teej also known as Kajli Teej, is celebrated on the third day of the dark half or Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. Kajari Teej celebrations last two days and sometimes even continue up to the birthday of Lord Krishna or the festival of Janmashtami
Goddess Uma (another form of Goddess Parvati) is worshiped on this day. During Kajari Teej, married women observe fast, also known as Teej Vrat, to please Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. By doing the Kajari Teej Vrat, women pray for the health, wellbeing and along life for their husbands. The Shingar (usually done with Bindi, Sindoor, Mehndi, Bangles, etc) represents love and respect for her husband or her fiance.
Hartalika Teej - Praying for God’s blessings
Hartalika Teej this is the most important one out of the three. Hartalika is a combination of "harit" and "aalika" which means "abduction" and "female friend" respectively. As per the Hindu calendar, Hartalika Teej
is celebrated on 3rd day of the Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month Bhadrapada.
According to the legend of Hartalika Teej
, the friend of Goddess Parvati took her to the thick forest so that her father can't marry her to Lord Vishnu against her wish. The morning time is considered good to perform Hartalika Puja. If morning Puja is not possible due to some reason then Pradosh time is also considered good to perform Shiva-Parvati Puja. Teej Puja should be done after taking early bath and getting dressed up with fine clothes. Sand made Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati should be worshipped and the legend of Hartalika should be narrated during the Puja.
Although the rituals of Hartalika Teej are almost same as other Teej Vrat, there are, however, some differences, these are as follows;
Important Rituals Of Hartalika Teej
- Women observe this Teej Vrat on the day of Hartalika Teej.
- A Nirjala Vrat (ie, without water) is observed on this Teej.
- People who observe fast on Teej stay awake the entire night.
- Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are worshiped on the day of Hartalika Teej.