The day of Ugadi (Marathi-Padwa) is considered to be the Hindu neo festival. Shukla Pratipada of Chaitra month is called Ugadi or Sal Pratipada or Ugadi (Yugadi). This day marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year. 'Gudi' means 'Vijay Patka'. It is said that Shalivahana defeated effective enemies (Shakas) with an army of mud soldiers. Shalivahana Saka as a symbol of this victory begins on this day. 'Yugadi' is made up of the treaty of the words 'Yuga' and 'Adi'. Ugadi is celebrated in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka and in Maharashtra, this festival is celebrated as 'Ugadi'. On this day, Chaitra Navratri begins.
Ugadi is observed as the first day of the year by the people of Andhra Pradesh and in the year 2021, it falls on Tuesday, 13 April. In many places, it is also known as Gudi Padwa.
Pratipada Tithi Begins - 08:00 AM on Apr 12, 2021
Pratipada Tithi Ends - 10:16 AM on Apr 13, 2021
Get up early in the morning on this day. Take a bath after you retire daily. Make a swastika symbol at the place of worship. After resolving the worship, spread a clean cloth on the newly constructed outpost or sand altar and make an Ashtadal lotus with turmeric or saffron dyed on it. Install a statue of Brahmaji on it. Then worship Ganesh Ambika. Then take the smell, akshat, flower, and water in the hand and recite the mantras of Lord Brahma and wish for happiness and prosperity.
Then a polite prayer is made to Brahmaji: -
‘Bhagavan Sattva Prasadam year in Kshemmihastu. In the Samvatsar Apsarga, it is merged with Yantra especially. 'After worship, the Brahmins are fed with sattvic substances and should eat that food themselves. A new Panchang is also heard on this day. Panchang should be donated according to the capacity and the paiya should be established.
On the day of Ugadi, women wake up in the morning and clean the house and decorate the house with Rangoli, Bandanwar, etc. On this day, a flag is also placed in front of the house. Which is known as Gudi. The flag is considered a symbol of victory. On this day, the symbol of the swastika is also kept on the vessel. People wear traditional dresses on this day. The worship of Suryadev on Ugadi is given importance. Apart from Suryadev, the chanting of the mantras of Sunderkand, Ram Raksha Stotra, Goddess Bhagwati is also done on this day.
In India, this festival is given special importance in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and South India. On this day mango leaves are used outside the house. So that there will be prosperity in the house. This festival is also celebrated for good harvest and prosperity at home. Ugadi is counted in three pimples of the year. According to the scholars, the food celebrated on the day of Ugadi is nutritious as well as a health enhancer. The prasanthi distributed in Andhra Pradesh is called Pachdi, the prasad distributed in Maharashtra is called sweet roti puran poli.
The festival of Ugadi is specially celebrated in South India. South India was considered the kingdom of Bali in Treta Yuga. At the time, Ravana killed Mother Sita. At that time Lord Sri Rama needed a huge army to bring Mother Sita back from Ravana. Lord Sri Rama went to South India searching for Mother Sita where she found Sugriva. Sugriva told Lord Sri Rama about all the atrocities of Bali and sought help from him. Then Lord Shri Rama killed Bali at the behest of Sugriva. The day Bali was killed. That day was the day of Ugadi. Another story related to Ugadi is in vogue, according to this legend, Shalivahana did not have any army for the war. Therefore, he had built an earthen army and killed them. It was the day of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada on the day that Shalivahana burnt his life in the effigies of the soil. Only then, Jayapataka is hoisted on the day of Ugadi. The beginning of doubt is also believed to be from Shalivahana. Because Shalivahana conquered his enemies.