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The festival of Vishu Kani is celebrated on the day of Aries Sankranti in the Malayalam month in the state of Kerala. People celebrate this festival like New Year. Malayalis welcome astrology new year through the Vishu Kani festival. This festival is similar to that of Bihu in Assam and Poila Boishakh in Bengal. This festival is celebrated to celebrate the ripening of Kharif crops.
Vishu Kani is also known as Malayalam New Year. In the year 2021 Vishu Kani observes on Wednesday, 14 April.
Sankranti Moment on Vishu Kani - 02:48 AM
The Vishu festival is usually celebrated in the month of April according to the Gregorian calendar. The festival marks the beginning of the spring season. It is celebrated as the harvest festival and the astrological New Year. The Vishu festival specifies the movement of the Sun for Aries or Rashi. The festival also marks the day from which farmers begin plowing land and other agricultural activities.
In Sanskrit, Vishu means the same, which means that the day and night have the same hour or equinox. Vishu is a family festival which is also called the day of Meesha Sankranti or Mesa Shankara. It is a festival dedicated to Lord Vishnu, and he, along with Lord Krishna, is worshiped. Vishu Kani, Vishu Kinetam, and Vishubhalam are the three most important rituals of the ceremony.
According to the ritual, Vishu Kani is prepared in the worship room before the statue of Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna by the eldest woman in the house, one evening before the Vishu festival. Vishu Kani is considered by devotees to be a symbol of good luck and prosperity. In Malayalam, Kani means, which is seen first; Therefore, Vishu Kani is the first thing that is observed on the festival day in the early hours of the day. Hindu Malayali believe that it promises a peaceful and prosperous new year.
Vishu Kani involves the sacred ceremonial preparation of all auspicious items. These goods are considered to be the omen of fortune and prosperity. Items include coconut, betel nut, areca nut, yellow kanikonna flower, kanamachi kajal, raw rice, lemon, golden cucumber, jack fruit, a metal mirror, a sacred book, cotton dhoti, and coins or currency notes. The articles are placed on a circular pot or collected in a bell-shaped container. In Malayalam, the pot is called uruli. A traditional bell-shaped metal lamp called ‘Nilavilakku’ is also placed in front of the idol of Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna along with Vishu Kani. As per the ritual, at the Vishu festival, all the family members wake up early in the morning and with closed eyes, go to the puja room to get the first darshan of Vishu Kani. The ritual is considered auspicious for the coming year. Vishu Kani is organized with great care and precision to create a positive atmosphere.
After seeing Vishu Kani, devotees recite verses of the Ramayana, the sacred scripture of the Hindus. This ritual is considered sacred. Malayali believe that the first page of the holy book opened by the devotee is relevant and effective for the coming year. Subsequently, children and adults burst firecrackers from morning to night, this is called ‘Vishu Padakkam’. This festival is followed by a traditional feast known as ‘Vishu Sadhya’.
Many legends related to the Vishu festival. According to one, Lord Krishna killed a demon named Narakasura on this day. Another state was the day when the Sun God returned. According to other folklore, Ravana, the demon king, never allowed the sun god to rise from the east. It was on this day that after the death of Ravana, the Sun God began to rise from the east. All these stories make Vishu Utsav popular. Therefore, the festival is celebrated with enthusiasm.
The festival of Vishu Kani is very important for the Malayali people. This festival is celebrated all over the country as a joy of cooking the Kharif crop. According to astrology, when the Sun enters the Ashwini nakshatra, then changes in the zodiac begin and the new year begins. According to beliefs, on the day of Vishu Kani, the sun is above the equator. It has been told in our scriptures that at this time there is a rule to worship Lord Vishnu and his incarnation, Lord Shri Krishna. Lord Vishnu is considered to be the god of time. Because Lord Vishnu marks the first day of the astronomical year. Because of which people worship Lord Vishnu on this day. According to beliefs, on the day of Vishu Kani, Lord Krishna killed a demon named Narakasura.