The transition of the Sun from the zodiac sign of Aries to that of Taurus is marked by Vrishabha Sankranti. According to the Hindu calendar, it is the beginning of the second month of Jyeshta. Nandi, the bull is considered the vehicle of Lord Shiva. So, the word ‘Vrishabha’ means a bull. Therefore, cows are worshiped amongst the Hindu devotees on this day. The gifting of cows holds auspicious importance on this day. Pitru Tarpan is offered by devotees Lord Vishnu is worshipped to welcome a happy and prosperous life.
Vrishabha Sankranti is also an auspicious day to perform charitable activities, just like the other 12 Sankrantis in the Hindu calendar. However, only at a specific time, it is considered suitable for observing all and performing all kinds of Sankranti-related activities. In the year 2021 Vrishabha Sankranti falls on Friday, 14 May.
- On this auspicious day, Hindu devotees do donate or do Daan. The practice of donating a cow, ‘Godaan’, to a revered Brahmin is considered auspicious.
- A fast is also sometimes observed on this day. It is known as ‘Vrishabha Sankranti vrat’.
- The devotees wake up before sunrise and take a sanctified bath. ‘Rishabharudar’, the name of Lord Shiva is worshipped by the devotees and also a special bhog is prepared made of rice.
- Once Lord Shiva is worshipped, the bhog is distributed among the devotees and eaten together with other family members. One who observes this vrat should sleep on the ground during the night.
- Devotees pray to their lord to seek wisdom so as to be able to differentiate between good and evil.
- Hindu pilgrimages undertake the Sankramana Snan on this day. This pious ‘snan’ helps to pay homage to Sun God and also their forefathers.
Vrishabha’ in Sanskrit, meaning a bull is generally referred to as Nandi in the Hindu religion, who is considered to be Lord Shiva’s carrier. In the religious scriptures, it is written about the relationship between the two. Therefore, there is immense significance in the celebration of Vrishabha Sankranti for Hindu devotees. On this propitious day, people worship Lord Vishnu so that he blesses them with a happy and prosperous life. They also worship the Lord to liberate them from the continuous cycle of rebirth and attain Moksha.