Venkateswara Temple is a landmark Vaishnavite temple situated in the hill town of Tirumala at Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga. Hence the place has also got the name Kaliyuga Vaikuntham and Lord here is referred to as Kaliyuga Prathyaksha Daivam. The temple is also known by other names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Lord Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.
Tirumala Hills are part of Seshachalam Hills range. The hills are 853 metres (2,799 ft) above sea level. The Hills comprises seven peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha. The temple lies on the seventh peak -Venkatadri, on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy water tank. Hence the temple is also referred to as "Temple of Seven Hills". Tirumala town covers about 10.33 sq mi (26.75 km2) in area.
The Temple is constructed in Dravidian architecture and is believed to be constructed over a period of time starting from 300 AD. The Garbagriha (Sanctum Sanctorum) is called AnandaNilayam. The presiding deity, Venkateswara, is in standing posture and faces east in Garbha griha. The temple follows Vaikhanasa Agama tradition of worship. The temple is one of the eight Vishnu Swayambhu Kshetras and is listed as 106th and the last earthly Divya Desam. The Temple premises had two modern Queue complex buildings to organize the pilgrim rush, Tarigonda Vengamamba Annaprasadam complex for free meals to Pilgrims, hair tonsure buildings and a number of pilgrim lodging sites.
It is the richest temple in the world in terms of donations received and wealth.The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people annually on average), while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy place in the world.[not in citation given]. In 2016, it was reported that 27.3 million pilgrims visited the temple.
The first recorded endowment was made by Pallava queen Samavai in the year 966 CE. She donated many jewels and two parcels of land(one 10 acres and other 13 acres) and ordered to use the revenues generated from that land to be used for the celebration of major festivals in the temple.The Pallava dynasty(9th century), the Chola dynasty(10th century), and Vijayanagara pradhans (14th and 15th centuries) were committed devotees of Lord Venkateswara. The temple gained most of its current wealth and size under the Vijayanagara Empire, with the donation of diamonds and gold. In 1517, Vijayanagara Emperor Krishnadevaraya, on one of his many visits to the temple, donated gold and jewels, enabling the Ananda Nilayam (inner shrine) roofing to be gilded. After the decline of Vijayanagara Empire, leaders from states such as the Kingdom of Mysore and the Gadwal Samsthanam worshiped as pilgrims and gave ornaments and valuables to the temple. Maratha general Raghoji I Bhonsle (died 1755) visited the temple and set up a permanent administration for the conduct of worship in the temple.
How to Reach:
By Bus: When planning to go on Tirupati trip by bus, it is better to choose APSRTC and KSRTC buses so as to complete the journey with less expense. Plan your Tirupati trip by bus after checking the details about the timings from the HolidayIQ website. Travellers can choose to go on a Tirupati visit by bus so as to travel in and around the place.
By Train: Confused about how to go to Tirupati? Travellers can board trains to Tirupati from anywhere in India. Tirupati railway station is a major railway station. Instead of looking for a direct Tirupati train, you can also go to Renigunta station which lies on the Delhi – Trivandrum route. Check the Tirupati train timetable to know about the timings of special trains during festive seasons.
By Flight: Taking the aerial route is always the answer to the question of how to reach Tirupati fast. Tirupati airport is located at a distance of 15kms from the city centre near to Renigunta. Flights to Tirupati are available from major metropolia like Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bangalore and Hyderabad. Flights to Tirupati needs early booking during festive seasons so as to avoid high rates.
By Car/Cab: Tirupati travel can be a lot more exciting if you have a good spiritual mind. Travelling to Tirupati by car is one method you can adopt. Tirupati car rentals provide its customers with the best packages. By far, accessing Tirupati by road is the best mode of transportation that one can adopt considering the freedom of travel and time taken for it.
|Monday - Sunday