Famous Mata Temples in India

Vaishno Devi

Vaishno Devi

Situated at an altitude of over 5,000 feet, 60 km north of Jammu, it is a very sacred spot. The shrine is located inside a cave. It has three deities there -- Goddess Kali, Goddess Saraswati and Goddess Lakshmi.

Legend has it that Vishno Devi, a devotee of Lord Vishnu, ran into the cave when she was chased by the tantric BhaironNath. There she assumed the form of Goddess Kali and cut off his head which fell at the spot where the BhaironMandir is now located.

Despite the difficult terrain, more so during winters when there is snowfall, millions of devotees visit this temple, situated on the Trikuta hills each year.

The Yatra starts at Katra. After a 13 km walk the shrine is reached. 1 km from there is the Banganga where Devi had quenched her thirst.

Chamunda Devi Temple

Chamunda Devi

Located on the banks of the River Baner, a few kilometres from Palampur, the deity here is in the wrathful form. The unique colourful temple houses the Goddess who is completely covered in a red cloth. On either side of the Goddess are the idols of Hanumanji and Bhairo.

Jwala Ji Temple

Jwala Ji

Located 30 km from the Kangra valley, this temple is dedicated to Goddess Jwalamukhi. There are natural flames in the temple which are worshipped here. There are nine such flames and these are considered the nine incarnations of Goddess Durga. They erupt from one of the rocks and keep burning without any fuel.

Legend has it that when the demons were creating havoc in the Himalayan Mountains, Lord Vishnu created huge flames. These flames gave birth to a girl called Adishakti who destroyed the demons.

Kalka Devi Temple

Kalka Devi

Located near Nehru Place in South Delhi, it is a very popular temple dedicated to the Goddess. It is a pretty old temple with the some portions dating back to 1764 A.D.

The Kali Temple however had been built more than 300 years back. Legend says that even the Pandavs worshipped here. The uniqueness of the temple lies in the special evening tantric aarti.

Mansa Devi Temple

Mansa Devi

This temple is located in Haridwar on the BilwaParvat -- a part of the Sivalik Hills. It is this also called the Bilwa Tirth.

Goddess Mansa is said to have emerged from the mind of the sage Kashyap. Mansa, who is the sister of the serpent Vasuki is said to be the fulfiller of wishes.

Due to this pilgrims who visit this temple, tie a thread around a tree within the temple premises and come back to untie it once it is fulfilled.

Devotees visiting here also go to the Chandi Devi and the Maya Devi temples.

Durga Temple

Durga

Situated very close to Varanasi, this 18th century shrine was built by a Bengali queen. The multi tieredshikhara is reminiscent of the Nagara style of architecture. The temple is located on a huge rectangular tank.

The Goddess here is said to fiercely protect the locals from any outside influence. Some say that the idol here was never installed by anyone. Rather it manifested on its own. While non-Hindus can enter the temple, they are not allowed in the inner sanctum. This temple is also called the Monkey Temple due to the manifold presence of this animal here.

Devi Patan Temple

Devi Patan

Located 70 km. from Gonda, this is the spot where, as the story goes, the right shoulder of Sati had fallen. The temple was constructed by King Vikramaditya anad later renovated by King Suheldeo. During Navratri a huge fair is held near the temple.

Interestingly, during this time the deity of Pir Ratan Nath is got from Nepal as well and the two are then worshipped together.

Chinese Kali Temple

Chinese

In Tangra, Kolkata there is a sixty-year-old Chinese Kali temple. It is visited by all the local Chinese people of the area during Kali Puja.

Most of them are either Buddhists or Christians.

Interestingly enough, the pandit here is a Bengali Brahmin. The idol here started off as only a few black stones under a tree on which the devotees used to smear sindoor. As prasad, the devotees are given noodles and vegetable and rice dishes here!

Kamakhya Temple

Kamakhya Temple

This is a cave temple.To reach the temple one has to climb down a few steps to reach a dark hole.

Here is the Goddess draped in sari and decorated with flowers. At this temple, goats are still sacrificed. This is a tradition that is continuing from the Khasi times.

Other than Durga Puja another festival is celebrated here. This is the Ambubachi or the fertility festival. It is believed that the Goddess undergoes her menstrual period during this time.

Located 8 km away from the city, it is perched on the Nilachal Hill.

This temple honours the female energy power of the Goddess. Story has it that this shrine formed when Lord Shiva was carrying the corpse of Goddess Sati on his body and her female genital fell on this spot.

Adhar Devi Temple

Adhar Devi

Located in Mt. Abu, the temple is within a cave. It is also known as the Arbuda Devi Temple. Legend has it that the image of the Goddess was found hanging in mid air when the shrine was originally built. Devotees climb around 365 steps and then crawl inside a cave to reach the shrine.

Karni Mata Temple

Karni Mata

This 600-year-old temple dating back to the 15th century was constructed under Maharaja Ganga Singh’s rule. It is located 60 km from Bikaner and is dedicated to Karni Mata. She is believed to be incarnation of Goddess Durga.

One attraction here is the rats. According to legends, when the youngest son dies, Goddess Karni asked Yama to bring him back to life which was denied. She then assumed the form of Goddess Durga and brought her son back to life and proclaimed that no one from her family would ever die again.

Rather their souls would live on in the rats.

Today the temple has over 20,000 rats and they are fed milk and sweets in large metal bowls. Seeing four white rats together is believed to be very auspicious. The majestic silver gates and the marble carvings are an attraction of this temple too.

The best time to visit is during Navratri when thousands of pilgrims throng to this temple.

Goddess Bhagavathi Temple

Bhagavathi

Situated in Kanyakumari, the location of this temple is truly a picturesque one. It is located at the confluence of the three seas. It is said that it is over two thousand years old. Story has it that Lord Shiva created the power Bhagavati when the demon Banasura was harassing the Gods. After a long battle the demon was ultimately destroyed.

During Navratri this incident is depicted. A little away from the coastline stands a rocky island. Locals say that the temple was originally located there. But later it was removed from there. The presence of a human footmark on the island is revered as the Sripadam.

Other than these, some of the other important temples dedicated to Goddess Durga are:
1. Chhatarpur Temple: Located in Delhi, it embodies modern architecture and extensively uses marble. It is believed that tying a thread on the tree within the temple premises fulfils wishes.

2. Tara Tarini Temple: Located in Orissa,this shrine is amongst the oldest shakti shrines of the country. It is dedicated to Tara and Tarini, the twin Goddesses.

3. Dakshineswar Kali Temple: Located in West Bengal,this temple is dedicated to Ma Bhavatarini, an incarnation of Goddess Kali. It was built in 1847 by Rani Rashmoni. It is said that Ram Krishna Paramahamsa attained spiritual vision here.

4. Bhadrakali Temple: This almost 250-year-old temple located in Warangal, Andhra Pradesh has a deity of the Goddess with fierce looking eyes. Carved out of a square shaped stone, she is seen here with eight hands, each carrying a different weapon. Near the temple is a lake and quite a few natural rock formations, some of which are believed to be very powerful.