Rituals And Vidhi Vidhan
Child Birth Rituals Of Hinduism
Childbirth is the most miraculous and beautiful creation of nature. When a child takes birth it is considered to be the most auspicious occasion in a family. To celebrate this happening and to ensure a peaceful and happy lifecycle of the new member, Hindu mythology has created many sanskaras. Let’s have a detailed look at the rituals followed.
Ganesh Chaturthi, another one of important Hindu religious festivals of India, is a 10-day affair of colorful festivities. Huge handcrafted Ganesh idols are installed in homes or outdoors, in public pandals. Pujas are performed in the morning and the evening. The last day is the day of Visarjan – immersion of an idol in a water body. Cultural activities of singing, dancing, and theater, and free medical and blood donation camps are held. Significance: ÂÂÂ It’s the birthday of Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed God. Key attractions: The beautifully crafted life size idols of Ganesha, and the immersion ceremony When: The ÂÂÂ 4th day of the first fortnight (Shukla Chaturthi) in the month of Bhadrapada of the Hindu lunisolar calendar, which corresponds to August or September of the Gregorian calendar Where: Celebrated in the states of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh with fervor and gaiety
On the most important Sikh festival of India, special assemblies on the lives and teachings of the gurus, and langars (community meals) are organized in the gurudwaras. Karah Prasad is distributed among all, and hymn chanting processions are held in the city. People light up their homes with lamps and candles and burst crackers to celebrate Gurpurab. Significance: It is the celebration of the anniversaries of the ten Sikh Gurus. Key attractions: The soulful Bhajan-Kirtan (hymns), Gurbani in the Gurdwaras, the Langar and the Karah Prasad When: The full moon day in the month of Kartik of the Hindu lunisolar calendar, which corresponds to November of the Gregorian calendar Where: Celebrated by the Sikh community all over the world, especially in Punjab
One of the famous festivals of India, Rakhi is celebrated among Hindu. Signifying the ÂÂÂ brother-sister bonding, during Rakhi, the sister performs Aarti (prayer), applies tilak, and ties rakhi (a sacred thread) on the brother’s wrist wishing his well being. The brother, in return, vows to protect the sister. Another festival which has strong similarity to Rakhi is Bhaidooj which comes just after Diwali. Significance: ÂÂÂ It symbolizes the strong bonding of a brother and sister. Key attractions: The ritual of Rakhi and the brightly decked up markets showcasing a colourful variety of rakhis and sweets When: The full moon day of Shravana month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar, which corresponds to August of the Gregorian calendar Where: Particularly in North, Central and West India.
Popular among the festivals of India celebrated in the North East, Bihu is the harvest festival of Assam. During the month-long celebrations, young men and women wear their traditional clothes and perform the Bihu dance in the village fields and courtyards. A community feast is held with a lot of fanfare. Significance: It’s the traditional new year celebration of Assamese. Key attractions: The Bihu dance and the local cuisine – coconut laddoo, tilpitha, ghilapitha, and fish pitika When: 14th or 15th April Where: Celebrated by the Assamese diaspora around the world, especially in Assam
Hemis, the two-day religious festival from Ladakh, is one of the important festivals of India. It attracts a lot of locals and foreign tourists each year. The festivities include theCham dance done by the priests to the tune of the traditional music of cymbals, drums, trumpets played by the monks. The dancing priests dress up in elaborate brocade outfits and masks. Significance: It’s the celebration of the birth anniversary of spiritual leader Padmasambhava, founder of Tibet Tantric Buddhism. Key attractions: ÂÂÂ The scenic Hemis monastery and the Cham dance When: 10th day (called Tse-Chu in the local language) of the Tibetan lunar month, which corresponds to June or July of the Gregorian calendar Where: Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir
Onam is among the important festivals of India, wherein people wear traditional wear, adorn houses with Pookalam (floral designs), and prepare Onasadya(elaborate meal of 11/13 dishes). Events such as Vallamkali(snake boat race), Kaikottikali(clap dance), Kathakali dance, and Pulikali procession(artists dressed and painted like tigers and hunters) are held. Significance: It celebrates the homecoming of the legendary king Mahabali. Key attractions: The spectacular Snake Boat Race, the enigmatic Kaikottikali dance, and the Elephant procession When: In the month of Chingam of the ÂÂÂ Malayalam calendar, which corresponds to August or September of the Gregorian calendar Where: Celebrated by people of all communities in the state of Kerala.
The four-day long harvest festival of South India is one of the most famous festivals of India. People prepare Pongal dish and wear their traditional attire. Celebrities include bonfires, dance, cattle races, sweets, and savories. The houses look resplendent with Kolam designs (traditional floral designs made with rice, colored powders, and flower petals) Significance: It’s a festival of thanksgiving to nature representing the first harvest of the year. Key attractions: The variety of Kolam designs and cattle races When: 14th or 15th January Where: Celebrated by Tamils all over India, primarily in Tamil Nadu
Vishu, a Hindu festival, is among the most important festivals of India. The festivities include performing the puja, bursting crackers, decorating with lights, buying and wearing new clothes, giving money to children and loved ones, and having the Vishu feast that has equal proportions of salt, sweet, sour and bitter items. Significance: It is the start of the Hindu New year. People celebrate Vishu to commemorate the return of “Sun God”. Key attractions: The Vishukkani puja and visit to Guruvayur Shri Krishna temple When: 1st day of the Zodiac calendar, which corresponds to mid-April of the Gregorian calendar Where: Celebrated in Kerala