Camphor

Camphor

Camphor, an aromatic solid, is widely used in Hindu religious ceremonies, burned to make a holy flame.

Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aromatic odor.It is a terpenoid with thechemical formula C10H16O. It is found in the wood of the camphor laurel (Cinnamomumcamphora), a large evergreen tree found in Asia (particularly in Sumatra, Indonesia and Borneo) and also of the unrelated kapur tree, a tall timber tree from the same region. It also occurs in some other related trees in the laurel family, notably Ocoteausambarensis. Dried rosemary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis), in the mint family, contain up to 20% camphor. Camphor can also be synthetically produced from oil of turpentine. It is used for its scent, as an ingredient in cooking (mainly in India), as an embalming fluid, for medicinal purposes, and in religious ceremonies. A major source of camphor in Asia is camphor basil (the parent of African blue basil).
Norcamphor is a camphor derivative with the three methyl groups replaced by hydrogen.
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